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Welcome to the Aurora Rarities Library

Here is presented our numismatic bibliography, a listing of books and other references we use to research and catalog the items we offer for sale. This bibliography is annotated and arranged based on a method I developed for studying numismatics as a whole which, hopefully, will also aid your own search for knowledge.

Numismatic Bibliography

1.  The Nature of Money

1.1  The Origin and History of Money


Angus, Ian. Fell’s Guide to Coins and Money Tokens of the World. New York: Frederick Fell Publishers, Inc., 1974. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Brown, Laurence. Coins through the Ages. New York: Sterling Publishing Co., Inc., 1963. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition - 2nd printing.


Cribb, Joe, ed. Money: From Cowrie Shells to Credit Cards. London : British Museum Publications, 1986. Softbound. English. 1st Edition.


Cribb, Joe. The Coin Atlas. London: Time Warner Books UK, 2003. Hardbound. English. 3rd Edition.


Cribb, Joe. “The Origins of Money, evidence from the ancient Near East and Egypt”. La Banca Premonetale. Milan: 2004. Electronic. Free download. Originally presented in Italian (translated) pp.35-78 followed by English pp. 79-122.


Duncan, Mike. “The History of Rome.” Audio Podcast. The History of Rome. Mike Duncan, 2007-2012. <http://thehistoryofrome.typepad.com/the_history_of_rome/>. Electronic. Free download. English. This is a genuinely informative, lively, and sometimes humorous look at the history of Rome from its origins to 476AD. Mr. Duncan has also written a book based on this podcast called The Storm Before the Storm.


Encyclopaedia Brittanica, Cambridge University Press, 1911. Electronic. Free download. English.


Encyclopaedia Brittanica, Encyclopedia Brittanica, Inc. 2005. Hardbound. English. 32 volume set with atlas.


Galbraith, John Kenneth. Money: Whence It Came, Where It Went. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1975. English.

An approachable, easy to understand explanation of money and finance in all its facets.


Grierson, Philip. Numismatics, London: Oxford University Press, 1975. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.

Philip Grierson was one of the most respected numismatists to ever represent the field. In this book Grierson discusses the history of coinage and the foundations of numismatic study. Careful reading and rereading of this book will prove valuable for any true student of numismatics.


Grierson, P. “The Origins of Money.” Research in Economic Anthropology, Vol. 1, 1978: 1-35. Electronic. Free download. English.


Gurney, Gene. Kingdoms of Europe: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Ruling Monarchs from Ancient Times to the Present. New York: Crown Publishers, Inc., 1982. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition. A useful reference and starting point to place rulers in context with their times and events.


Hindley, Geoffrey. The Royal Families of Europe. London: Lyric Books Limited, 1979. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Hobson, Burton and Obojski, Robert. Illustrated Encyclopedia of World Coins. Garden City, New York: Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1983. Hardbound. English. 2nd Edition.


Junge, Ewald. World Coin Encyclopedia. New York: William Morrow & Company, Inc., 1984. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


MacDonald, George. The Evolution of Coinage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012. Softbound. English. Reprint.


Maclagan, Michael. Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe. London: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002. Hardbound. English. 3rd Edition.


Porteous, John. Coins in History. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1969. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Schwarz, Ted. Coins as a Living History. New York: Arco Publishing Company, Inc., 1976. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition. Condition: Very Good.


Shaw, W.A. The History of Currency 1252 to 1894. New York: Augustus M. Kelley Publishers, 1967. Electronic. Reprint of 1895 original. Free download. English. An excellent source of metrology and denomination data for a wide array of countries.


Teeple, John B. Timelines of World History. New York: DK Publishing, Inc., 2002. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.

A general history book with graphical presentation of time scales and events that makes it easy to find context for people and events in history.


1.2  The Art and Culture of Money


Berlin, Howard M. The Numismatourist: The Only Worldwide Travel Guide to Museums, Mints, and Other Places of Interest for the Numismatist. Irvine, California: Zyrus Press, Inc., 2014. Softbound. English. 1st Edition.


Clain-Stefanelli, Elvira. The Beauty and Lore of Coins Currency and Medals. New York: Riverwood Publishers Ltd., 1974. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Guth, Ron. 100 Greatest Women on Coins. Atlanta: Whitman Publishing, LLC, 2015. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Janson, H.W. History of Art. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1991. Hardbound. English. 4th Edition.

A lavishly illustrated textbook on the history of art and a joy to read. One of the very best works on the subject.


Rochette, Edward C. The Other Side of the Coin. Frederick, Colorado: Renaissance House, 1985. Softbound. English. 1st Edition.


1.3  Metrology: Units of Weight and Money


Butcher, Tina; Cook, Steve; Crown, Linda; et al eds. “Appendix C - General Tables of Units of Measurement.” Handbook 44 - 2012. National Institute of Standards and Technology, 2011.

Caley, Earle. Metrological Tables. New York: The American Numismatic Society, 1965. Softbound. English.


Cardarelli, François. Scientific Unit Conversion. London: Springer, 1998. Softbound. English. 2nd Edition.


Lawrence, L.A. “Coin Weights.” British Numismatic Journal Vol. 6 1909: 287-303.


Tye, Robert. Early World Coins and Early Weight Standards. York: Robert Tye, 2009. Softbound. English. 1st Edition.

This is the definitive work on the history and development of monetary weight standards. It discusses the evolution of coinage and weight standards throughout the world and convincingly argues that rather than being random and haphazard, many monetary weight standards share common origins. While seignorage, cheating, debasement, revaluation, and rival states all play a role in the wonderful confusion of human events, a few core threads of monetary weight standards wend their way through that history. An insightful and well presented book.


1.4  Metallurgy & Assaying: History and Methods


Archibald, M.M.; Cowell, M.R. Metallurgy in Numismatics: Volume 3. London: Royal Numismatic Society, 1993. Electronic. English. Free download.


Beringer, C. A Text-Book of Assaying: For the Use of Those Connected with Mines. London: Charles Griffin and Company, 1889. Electronic. English. Free download.


Burkett, Russell. Everything You Wanted to Know About Gold and Other Precious Metals. Glendora, California, 1982. Softbound. English. 12th Edition.


"Historical Note on Zinc Smelting.” Engineering and Mining Journal Volume 96 No. 16 October 18, 1913: pp 741-742. Electronic. English. Free download.


International Correspondence Schools. A Textbook on Metallurgy of Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead, and Zinc. Scranton, Pennsylvania: International Textbook Company, 1902. Electronic. English. Free download.


McDonald, Donald; Hunt, Leslie. A History of Platinum and its Allied Metals. London: Johnson Matthey, 1982. Hardbound. English.


Smith, Ernest. The Sampling and Assay of the Precious Metals: Comprising Gold, Silver, Platinum, and the Platinum Group Metals in Ores, Bullion, and Products. London: Charles Griffin & Company, Limited, 1913.


Wang, Helen; Micheal Cowell; Cowell, Michael; Cribb, Joe; Bowman, Sheridan. Metallurgical Analysis of Chinese Coins at the British Museum. London: The British Museum, 2005. Electronic. Free download. English.


1.5  Minting: History and Methods


Ansell, George Frederick. The Royal Mint: Its Working, Conduct, and Operations, Fully and Practically Explained; with Suggestions for Its Better Scientific and Official Management. London: Effingham Wilson, Royal Exchange, 1870. Electronic. Free download. English.


Cooper, Denis. The Art and Craft of Coinmaking. London: Spink & Son Ltd., 1988. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.

This is the definitive work on the history of coin making tools and methods. Cooper describes in detail every facet of the coin making operation and how it evolved over the last 2000 years. A rare and highly sought book well worth its high price.


Cooper, Denis. Coins and Minting. Haverford: Shire Publications Ltd., 1996. Softbound. English. 2nd Edition - 2nd printing.


Doty, Richard G. The Soho Mint and the Industrialization of Money. London: Spink, 1998. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Evans. History of the United States Mint and Coinage. New York: Sanford J. Durst Numismatic Publications, 1977. Hardbound. English. 2nd Edition.


Lange, David W. History of the United States Mint and its Coinage. Atlanta: Whitman Publishing LLC, 2006. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Lindermann, H.R. Money and legal tender in the United States. Originally published New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1877. Softbound. English. 2012 Reprint.


National Executive Silver Committee. Silver in the Fifty-First Congress, Preceded by a Summary of the Coinage Laws of the United States, Prior to 1873, and a History of the Act of 1873 and the Act of 1878. Originally published Washington, D.C.: National Executive Silver Committee, 1890. Softbound. English. 2012 Reprint.


Stewart, Frank H. History of the First United States Mint. Lawrence, Massachusetts: Quarterman Publications, Inc., 1974. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Taxay, Don. The U.S. Mint and Coinage. New York: Arco Publishing Company, Inc., 1966. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Van Ryzin, Robert R. Crime of 1873: The Comstock Connection. Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2001. Hardbound. English.


Wiles, James, Ph.D. The Modern Minting Process & U.S. Minting Errors & Varieties : An ANA Correspondence Course. Colorado

Springs, Colorado: American Numismatic Association, 2011. Softbound. English.


1.6  Paper Making: History and Methods


1.7  Printing: History and Methods


Griffiths, William H. The Story of American Bank Note Company. New York: American Bank Note Company, 1959. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Kranister, Willibald. The Moneymakers International. Chicago: Probus Publishing Company, 1991. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


2.  Numismatic Fundamentals

2.1  Identification


Definitions, Classifications, and Notation

ANA. Introduction to Numismatics: An ANA Correspondence Course. Colorado Springs, Colorado: American Numismatic Association, 1990. English.


Doty, Richard G. The MacMillan Encyclopedic Dictionary of Numismatics. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co. Inc., 1982. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Frey, Albert. Dictionary of Numismatic Names. New York: Barnes & Noble, Inc., 1947. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Grierson, P. Numismatics, London: Oxford University Press, 1975. English.


Guides & Catalogues by Era & Region


Primitive Money (circa 6000 BCE to present)

Angus, Ian. Fell’s Guide to Coins and Money Tokens of the World. New York: Frederick Fell Publishers, Inc., 1974. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Cribb, Joe, ed. Money: From Cowrie Shells to Credit Cards. London : British Museum Publications, 1986. Softbound. English. 1st Edition.


Ancient (circa 700 BCE to 476 CE)     

[From the origin of coins to the fall of the Western Roman Empire]


Carradine, Ian; Price, Martin. Coinage in the Greek World. London: Seaby, 1988. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Head, Barclay. History Numorum: A Manual of Greek Numismatics. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1911. Electronic. English. 2nd Edition. As this is now in public domain it is available in electronic form online or traditional printed book. This masterwork is the foundation upon which many later works built. It’s discussion of the origin of coinage, metrology, and Greek coinage remain an essential part of understanding early coinage in general and Greek coinage in particular. Though it is worth noting that the metrology aspect has been substantially updated by Tye in his recent work Early World Coins and Early Weight Standards.


Hoover, Oliver. The Handbook of Greek Coinage Series, Volume 2: Handbook of Coins of Sicily (including Lipara) Civic, Royal, Siculo-Punic, and Romano-Sicilian Issues - Sixth to First Centuries BC. Lancaster, Pennsylvania: Classical Numismatic Group, Inc., 2012.


Hoover, Oliver. The Handbook of Greek Coinage Series, Volume 3: Handbook of Coins of Macedon and its Neighbors: Part I: Macedon, Illyria, and Epeiros - Sixth to First Centuries BC. Lancaster, Pennsylvania: Classical Numismatic Group, Inc., 2016.


Hoover, Oliver. The Handbook of Greek Coinage Series, Volume 3: Handbook of Coins of Macedon and its Neighbors: Part II: Thrace, Skythia, and Taurike - Sixth to First Centuries BC. Lancaster, Pennsylvania: Classical Numismatic Group, Inc., 2017.


Hoover, Oliver. The Handbook of Greek Coinage Series, Volume 4: Handbook of Coins of Northern and Central Greece: Achaia Phthiotis, Ainis, Magnesia, Malis, Oita, Perrhaibia, Thessaly, Akarnania, Aitolia, Lokris, Phokis, Boiotia, Euboia, Attica, Megaris, and Corinthia - Sixth to First Centuries BC. Lancaster, Pennsylvania: Classical Numismatic Group, Inc., 2014.


Hoover, Oliver. The Handbook of Greek Coinage Series, Volume 5: Handbook of Coins of the Peloponnesos: Achaia, Phleiasia, Sikyonia, Elis, Triphylia, Messenia, Lakonia, Argolis, and Arkadia - Sixth to First Centuries BC. Lancaster, Pennsylvania: Classical Numismatic Group, Inc., 2011.


Hoover, Oliver. The Handbook of Greek Coinage Series, Volume 6: Handbook of Coins of the Islands: Adriatic, Ionian, Thracian, Aegean, and Carpathian Seas (Excluding Crete and Cyprus) - Sixth to First Centuries BC. Lancaster, Pennsylvania: Classical Numismatic Group, Inc., 2010.


Hoover, Oliver. The Handbook of Greek Coinage Series, Volume 7: Handbook of Coins of Northen and Central Anatolia: Pontos, Paphlagonia, Bithynia, Phrygia, Galatia, Lykonia, and Kappadokia (with Kolches and the Kimmerian Bosporos) - Fifth to First Centuries BC. Lancaster, Pennsylvania: Classical Numismatic Group, Inc., 2012.


Hoover, Oliver. The Handbook of Greek Coinage Series, Volume 9: Handbook of Syrian Coins: Royal and Civic Issues - Fourth to First Centuries BC. Lancaster, Pennsylvania: Classical Numismatic Group, Inc., 2009.


Hoover, Oliver. The Handbook of Greek Coinage Series, Volume 10: Handbook of Coins of the Southern Levant: Phoenicia, Southern Koile Syria (including Judaea), and Arabia - Fifth to First Centuries BC. Lancaster, Pennsylvania: Classical Numismatic Group, Inc., 2010.


Hoover, Oliver. The Handbook of Greek Coinage Series, Volume 12: Handbook of Coins of Baktria and Ancient India: Including Sogdiana, Margiana, Areia, and the Indo-Greek, Indo-Skythian, and Native Indian States South of the Hinu Kush - Fifth Century BC to First Century AD. Lancaster, Pennsylvania: Classical Numismatic Group, Inc., 2013.


Klawans, Zander H. Handbook of Ancient Greek & Roman Coins. New York: Whitman Coin Products, 1995. Softbound. English.

A useful guide to identifying a wide variety of ancient coins.


Mitchiner, Michael. Ancient Trade and Early Coinage. London: Hawkins Publications, 2004. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition. (two volume set)


Mitchiner, Michael. The Early Coinage of Central Asia. London: Hawkins Publications, 1973. Softbound. English. 1st Edition.


Mitchiner, Michael. Oriental Coins and Their Values, Volume II: The Ancient and Classical World 600 B.C. - A.D. 650. London: Hawkins Publications, 1978. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Plant, Richard. Roman Silver Coins: A Price Guide. London: Rotographic, 2010. Softbound. English. 3rd Edition Reprint.


Sayles, Wayne G. Ancient Coin Collecting, Vol I. Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2003. Hardbound. English. 2nd Edition.

An excellent introduction to the art and history of ancient coins and the particulars of collecting them. Highly recommended. The subsequent volumes are all excellent starter guides to their respective subjects as well. These books provide a good foundation of understanding necessary to better appreciate, study, and collect ancient coins.


Sayles, Wayne G. Ancient Coin Collecting, Vol II : Numismatic Art of the Greek World. Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2007. Hardbound. English. 2nd Edition.


Sayles, Wayne G. Ancient Coin Collecting, Vol III : The Roman World - Politics and Propoganda. Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2007. Hardbound. English. 2nd Edition.


Sayles, Wayne G. Ancient Coin Collecting, Vol IV : Roman Provincial Coins. Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 1998. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Sayles, Wayne G. Ancient Coin Collecting, Vol V : The Romaion/Byzantine Culture. Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 1998. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Sayles, Wayne G. Ancient Coin Collecting, Vol VI : Non-Classical Cultures. Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 1999. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Sayles, Wayne G. Classical Deception (Counterfeits, Forgeries, and Reproductions of Ancient Coins). Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2001. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition. An insightful guide to known forgers and their works.


Sear, David. Greek Coins and their Values Vol I - Europe. London: Seaby, 1978. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition. This is the standard reference for detailed identification, relative rarity, and valuation of ancient Greek coins.


Sear, David. Greek Coins and their Values Vol II - Asia and Africa. London: Seaby, 1979. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition. This is the standard reference for detailed identification, relative rarity, and valuation of ancient Greek coins.


Sear, David. Roman Coins and their Values. London: Seaby, 1974. Hardbound. English. 2nd Edition. This is the standard reference for detailed identification, relative rarity, and valuation of ancient Roman coins. The corresponding books on Greek and

Byzantine coins are equally well regarded.


Suarez, Rasiel. ERIC: The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins. Asheville, North Carolina: Dirty Old Books, 2005. Electronic. Free download. English.

This eight volume opus covers a massive number of Roman coinage issues and, along with Sear is the standard reference for collectors of Roman coins. The latest version is available for sale, while older versions such as this one are available as a free download.


Thompson, Margaret E. New Style Silver Coinage of Athens. New York: American Numismatic Society, 1961. Electronic. Free download. English.


Wildwinds is an ancient coin reference resource online at www.wildwinds.com


Ancient : Auction Catalogs


Aureo & Calicó. Roma Aeterna. Barcelona: Aureo & Calicó, 9 November 2017. Auction 300. Hardbound. Spanish. 1st Edition.


Romaion / Byzantine (circa 476 CE to 1453)

[From the fall of the Western Roman Empire to the fall of Constantinople]


Grierson, P. Byzantine Coinage. Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, 1999. Softbound. English. 2nd Edition. A brief, but thorough overview of the nature and development of Byzantine coinage.


Sear, David. Byzantine Coins and their Values. London: Seaby, 1996. Hardbound. English. 2nd Edition Revised.


Wildwinds is an ancient coin reference resource online at www.wildwinds.com


Islamic Empires of Umayyad, Abbasid, Ilkanate, Timurid, Safavid, Qajar, Iran, Iraq (circa 622 CE to present)

[Hijra to present day]


Album, Stephen. Checklist of Islamic Coins. Santa Rosa, California: Stephen Album Rare Coins, 2011. Soft spiral-bound. 3rd Edition.


Mitchiner, Michael. Oriental Coins and Their Values, Volume I: The World of Islam. London: Hawkins Publications, 1977. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Wilkes, Tim. Islamic Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: The Mediaeval Period. London: Spink, 2015. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Wilkes, Tim. Islamic Coins and Their Values, Volume 2: The Early Modern Period. London: Spink, 2018. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Medieval (circa 500 CE to 1500)

[Covering areas outside of the Eastern Roman Empire from the fall of the Western Roman Empire to the advent of milled coinage]


General: Coins


Grierson, P. Coins of Medieval Europe. London: Seaby, 1991. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.

An thorough overview of the coinage of medieval Europe.


Hazlitt, W. Carew. The Coinage of the European Continent with an Introduction and Catalogues of Mints, Denominations, and Rulers. London: Swan Sonnenschein and Co., 1893. Hardbound. Electronic. Free download. English.

Despite its age, this remains a valuable resource for collectors of medieval coinage and the foundation upon which many later works are based.


Cappelli, Adriano. Translated by Heimann, David;  Kay, Richard. The Elements of Abbreviation in Medieval Latin Paleography. Lawrence, Kansas: University of Kansas Libraries, 1982.


Levinson. Robert A. The Early Dated Coins of Europe. Clifton, New Jersey: The Coin and Currency Institute, Inc., 2007. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition. 284 pages. A discussion and extensive catalog of coins of Germany, Holy Roman Empire, Netherlands, and France from 1234 to 1500.


Lhotka, John F. “Medieval European Coinage” Perspectives in Numismatics. 1986. Chicago Coin Club.

<http://www.chicagocoinclub.org/projects/PiN/mec.html>


Lhotka, John F.; Anderson, P.K. Survey of Medieval Iberian Coinages. New York: Sanford J. Durst Numismatic Publications, 1989. Softbound. English. 1st Edition.


Mitchiner, Michael. Oriental Coins and Their Values, Volume III: Non-Islamic States & Western Colonies. London: Hawkins Publications, 1979. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Mitchiner, Michael. Jetons, medalets & tokens -Volume I. The Medieval Period and Nuremberg. London: Hawkins Publications, 1988. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Walker, Ralph S. Reading Medieval European Coins. New York: Attic Books, 1979. Softbound. English. 1st Edition.


medievalcoinage.com is an online resource on medieval coins


General: Medals, Jetons, and Tokens


Barnard, Francis Pierrepont. The Casting-Counter and the Counting Board. Castle Cary: Fox, 1981. Hardbound. English. Reprint of 1917 edition.


Van Beek, Bert. “Jetons: Their Use and History.” Perspectives in Numismatics. 1986. Chicago Coin Club.

<http://www.chicagocoinclub.org/projects/PiN/juh.html>


Modern (circa 1500 to present)

[From the advent of milled coinage to the present day]


General: Coins


Krause, Chester L. and Mishler, Clifford. Standard Catalog of World Coins: 1990 Edition. Iola, Wisconsin: Krause Publications, 1990. Softbound. English.


Cuhaj, George S. ed. Standard Catalog of World Coins: 1601-1700. Iola, Wisconsin: Krause Publications, 2014. Hardbound and Electronic. English. 6th Edition


Michael, Thomas ed. Standard Catalog of World Coins: 1701-1800. Iola, Wisconsin: Krause Publications, 2013. Hardbound and Electronic. English. 7th Edition


Cuhaj, George S. ed. Standard Catalog of World Coins: 1801-1900. Iola, Wisconsin: Krause Publications, 2015. Hardbound and Electronic. English. 8th Edition


Michael, Thomas ed. Standard Catalog of World Coins: 1901-2000. Iola, Wisconsin: Krause Publications, 2016. Hardbound and Electronic. English. 44th Edition


Judkins, Maggie ed. Standard Catalog of World Coins: 2001-Date. Iola, Wisconsin: Krause Publications, 2016. Hardbound and Electronic. English. 11th Edition


The Krause Standard Catalogs capture virtually every coin issued from 1600 to present day. Each century is covered by a phone book sized volume containing black and white images of most coin series with brief summaries of each country, mints, and limited variety information. These are a must have for any collector of world coins.


Cuhaj, George S. ed. Unusual World Coins. Iola, Wisconsin: Krause Publications, 2011. Hardbound and Electronic. English. 6th Edition. This book attempts to capture many items that do not appear in the other Krause catalogs, specifically modern non-official and private issue commemoratives, medals, and fantasy issues associated with countries of the world.


Davenport, John S. Standard Price Guide to World Crowns and Talers 1484 - 1968. Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 1982. Softbound. English. 1st Edition. Davenport's catalogue of talers was originally issued in multiple volumes. This single volume combines the catalog and pricing of all those books into one, but may not contain all of the detailed information of the individual volumes.


Davenport, John S. The Dollars of Africa, Asia and Oceania. Galesburg: 1969. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.

This first and only edition of Davenport’s book on dollars of Africa, Asia, and Oceania remains relevent despite inclusion of many aspects in the recent Krause catalogs.


Davenport, John S. Large Size Silver Coins of the World. Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 1991. Hardbound. English. 3rd Edition.


Deutsche Bundesbank - Frankfurt am Main. Early Modern Gold Coins. Munich: Giesecke & Devrient, 1985. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Friedberg, Robert. Gold Coins of the World. New York: The Coin and Currency Institute, Inc., 1980. Hardbound. English. 5th Edition.


Galloway, Albert. Illustrated Coin Dating Guide for the Eastern World. Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 1984. Softbound. English.


Lane, Roger deWardt. Encyclopedia Small Silver Coins : Brother Can You Spare a Dime?  USA: Roger DeWardt Lane, 2008. Softbound. English. 3rd Edition.


Yeoman, R.S. Modern World Coins 1850-1964. Atlanta: Whitman Publishing LLC, 2008. Softbound. English. 14th Edition. A very portable world coin book that provides pricing for coins typical of each series rather than each individual coin.

Ziebarth, Tim. “Foreign Coins Manufactured at US Mints.” March, 2006. <http://pdxcoinclub.org/articles/Foreign%20Coins%20Struck%20at%20US%20Mints%20CWNA%20article%20with%20table.pdf>


General: Medals, Jetons, and Tokens


Forrer, Leonard. Biographical Dictionary of Medallists Coin, Gem, and Seal-Engravers Mint-Masters, etc Ancient and Modern with References to Their Works B.C. 500 - A.D. 1900: Volume I. London: Spink & Son Ltd, 1904. Electronic. English. Free download.


Forrer, Leonard. Biographical Dictionary of Medallists Coin, Gem, and Seal-Engravers Mint-Masters, etc Ancient and Modern with References to Their Works B.C. 500 - A.D. 1900: Volume II. London: Spink & Son Ltd, 1904. Electronic. English. Free download.


Forrer, Leonard. Biographical Dictionary of Medallists Coin, Gem, and Seal-Engravers Mint-Masters, etc Ancient and Modern with References to Their Works B.C. 500 - A.D. 1900: Volume III. London: Spink & Son Ltd, 1904. Electronic. English. Free download.


Forrer, Leonard. Biographical Dictionary of Medallists Coin, Gem, and Seal-Engravers Mint-Masters, etc Ancient and Modern with References to Their Works B.C. 500 - A.D. 1900: Volume IV. London: Spink & Son Ltd, 1904. Electronic. English. Free download.


Forrer, Leonard. Biographical Dictionary of Medallists Coin, Gem, and Seal-Engravers Mint-Masters, etc Ancient and Modern with References to Their Works B.C. 500 - A.D. 1900: Volume V. London: Spink & Son Ltd, 1904. Electronic. English. Free download.


Forrer, Leonard. Biographical Dictionary of Medallists Coin, Gem, and Seal-Engravers Mint-Masters, etc Ancient and Modern with References to Their Works B.C. 500 - A.D. 1900: Volume VI. London: Spink & Son Ltd, 1904. Electronic. English. Free download.

For those researching medals and engravers this is always the first resource to consult. Details about many medallists and engravers in history are scarce, but the tidbits found here can be enlightening. There are a number of more modern or country specific resources, but few are as comprehensive. Finding a link between an engraver and medal or other details listed in this work can unlock a number of other search paths that you may use to find even more information from other sources.


General: Paper Money (circa 600 CE to present)


Beresiner, Yasha. A Collector’s Guide to Paper Money. Briarcliff Manor, New York: Stein and Day Publishers, 1977. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Cuhaj, George S., ed. Standard Catalog of World Paper Money: General Issues 1368 - 1960. Iola, Wisconsin: Krause Publications, 2012. Softbound and Electronic. English. 14th Edition.  The standard reference on paper money up to 1960. The combination of the volumes for 1368-1960, 1961-Present, and Specialized Issues provides a comprehensive overview of paper currency. Newer editions may be available.


Cuhaj, George S., ed. Standard Catalog of World Paper Money: Modern Issues 1961 - Present. Iola, Wisconsin: Krause Publications, 2008. Softbound and Electronic. English. 14th Edition. The standard reference on paper money since 1961. The combination of the volumes for 1368-1960, 1961-Present, and Specialized Issues provides a comprehensive overview of paper currency. Newer editions may be available.


Pick, Albert. Standard Catalog of World Paper Money. Iola, Wisconsin: Krause Publications, 1977. Softbound. English. 2nd Edition. This work was the first comprehensive guidebook to world paper money and quickly became the standard book by which all paper money collectors organized their collections and made purchases. It has since been rendered obsolete by the Krause catalogs which use the same format and carried over the information and numbering system.


Region - By Country


Austria (formerly Holy Roman Empire)


Semple, Clara. A Silver Legend: The Story of the Maria Theresa Thaler. Manchester: Barzan Publishing Company, 2005. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


(also see Medieval)


(also see Modern: General)


Bolivia


(also see Spain: Colonial)


(also see Modern: General)


Canada

Cross, W.K. A Charlton Standard Catalog of Canadian Coins Volume One, Numismatic Issues - 2016. North York, Ontario: The Charlton Press, 2016. Soft spiral-bound. English. 70th Edition. Without question, the standard upon which any collector of Canadian coins builds their knowledge and collection is the Charlton Standard Catalog. Volume 1 covers numismatic issues 1858 to present. A newer edition may be available.


Cross, W.K. A Charlton Standard Catalog of Canadian Coins Volume Two, Collector and Maple Leaf Issues - 2011. North York, Ontario: The Charlton Press, 2011. Softbound. English. 2nd Edition. A newer edition may be available.


Cross, W.K. The Charlton Standard Catalog of Canadian Colonial Tokens. Toronto: The Charlton Press, 1988. Softbound. English. 1st Edition. This book is focused entirely upon colonial tokens of Canada (circa 1800 to 1860) from Nova Scotia, Upper and Lower Canada, New Brunswick and more. A newer edition may be available.


Charlton, J.E. Standard Catalog of Canadian Coins, Tokens, and Paper Money. Racine, WI: Whitman Publishing Company, 1964. Hardbound. English. 12th Edition. A newer edition may be available.


Haxby, J.A.; Willey, R.C. Coins of Canada. Toronto: Unitrade Press, 1988. Softbound. English. 8th Edition. A newer edition may be available.


(also see Great Britain: Colonial)


(also see Modern: General)


Chile


(also see Spain: Colonial)


(also see Modern: General)


China

Hartill, David. Cast Chinese Coins. Victoria, British Columbia, Canada: Trafford Publishing, 2005. Softbound. English.

The definitive in-depth guide to spade and knife money as well as round cast coins of China.


Kann, E. Illustrated Catalog of Chinese Coins Vol 1 of 3 (up to 1911). Bronx, NY: Ishi Press International, 2006. Softbound. Reprint. Mr. Kann diligtently catalogued the coins of China. His three volumes provide useful commentary on historical aspects of the coins and monetary systems along with greyscale images to aid identification.


Kann, E. Illustrated Catalog of Chinese Coins Vol 2 of 3 (Chinese Republican Coins). Bronx, NY: Ishi Press International, 2006. Softbound. Reprint. Mr. Kann diligtently catalogued the coins of China.


Kann, E. Illustrated Catalog of Chinese Coins Vol 3 of 3 (Sinkiang, Tibet, Mongolian Coins plus Gold, Forgery, and Fantasy Coins). Bronx, NY: Ishi Press International, 2006. Softbound. Reprint.


Oka, M. Silver Crowns of the Far East. Tokyo: Taisei Stamps & Coins, 1966. Hardbound. Japanese with some English. 1st Edition.

Focusing on the large size "crown" coins of various nations is a popular method of collecting throughout the world. Coins from asia are generally more difficult for English speaking collectors to study as most books on the subject are in another language. For those seeking additional photos to aid in identification and study of crowns from China, Japan, Russia, Cambodia, and other far eastern nations, as well as British colonial and trade dollars this book, though largely obsoleted by Krause, may provide some useful insights.


Zhao Li Cheng. Illustrated Catalog of Modern Chinese Gold and Silver Commemorative Coins. Heilongjiang People’s Publishing House, 2012. Chinese. The color photographs of every coin make this catalog very useful for identifying modern Chinese commemorative coins.


(also see Ancient)


(also see Medieval)


(also see Modern: General)


Colombia


(also see Spain: Colonial)


(also see Modern: General)


El Salvador


Mejia, Jose A. The Numismatic History of El Salvador. Jose Mejia, 2011. Softbound. English. 1st Edition.


(also see Spain: Colonial)


(also see Modern: General)


Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia


Gill, Dennis. The Coinage of Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Italian Somalia. Garden City: Dennis Gill, 1992. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


(also see Modern: General)


France     

LeCompte, Jean. Monnaies et Jetons des Colonies Francaises. Monaco: Editions Victor Gadoury, 2007. Hardbound. French. This recent edition of the catalog of coins and jetons of French colonies contains black and white photos of each series.


Mazard, Jean. Histoire monétaire et numismatique contemporaine – 1790-1848 Vol. I. Paris: Monnaies et Médailles, 1965. Written in French. A general work on coins of France during the period. However, the two volumes also identify the essai coins of France and serve the numismatic community as a primary reference for these.


Mazard, Jean. Histoire monétaire et numismatique contemporaine – 1848-1967 Vol. II. Paris: Monnaies et Médailles, 1965. Written in French. A general work on coins of France during the period. However, the two volumes also identify the essai coins of France and serve the numismatic community as a primary reference for these.


Pastrone, Francesco. Monnaies Royales Francaises 1610 - 1792. Monaco: Editions Victor Gadoury, 2012. Hardbound. French. This recent edition of the definitive catalog of coins of France contains color photos of each series.


Pastrone, Francesco. Monnaies Francaises 1789 - 2015. Monaco: Editions Victor Gadoury, 2015. Hardbound. French. This recent edition of the definitive catalog of coins of France contains color photos of each series.


Roberts, James N. The Silver Coins of Medieval France (476-1610 AD). New York: Attic Books Ltd., 1996.


(also see Ancient)


(also see Medieval)


(also see Modern: General)


France: Colonial


Sydney, Martin F. French Coinage Specifically for Colonial America. Ann Arbor: Colonial Coin Collector’s Club, 2015. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition. 


(also see World Modern)     


France: Medals, Jetons, and Tokens

DeHay, Pierre. Catalogue général illustré des éditions de la Monnaie de Paris - Volume 1 De L’Antiquite a Louis XVI (Antiquity - 1793). Paris: Paris Mint, 1977. Softbound. French. 1st Edition.


DeHay, Pierre. Catalogue général illustré des éditions de la Monnaie de Paris - Volume 2 De la 1ere a la 3e Republique (1793-1870). Paris: Paris Mint, 1977. Softbound. French. 1st Edition.


DeHay, Pierre. Catalogue général illustré des éditions de la Monnaie de Paris - Volume 3 La Troisieme Republique (1870-1940). Paris: Paris Mint, 1978. Softbound. French. 1st Edition.


DeHay, Pierre. Catalogue général illustré des éditions de la Monnaie de Paris - Volume 4* De 1945 a nos jours (A-D) (1945-1980). Paris: Paris Mint, 1981. Softbound. French. 1st Edition.


DeHay, Pierre. Catalogue général illustré des éditions de la Monnaie de Paris - Volume 4** De 1945 a nos jours (E-O) (1945-1980). Paris: Paris Mint, 1981. Softbound. French. 1st Edition.


DeHay, Pierre. Catalogue général illustré des éditions de la Monnaie de Paris - Volume 4*** De 1945 a nos jours (P-Z) (1945-1980). Paris: Paris Mint, 1981. Softbound. French. 1st Edition.

In the late 1970s Pierre DeHay, then Director of the Paris mint, organized this multi-volume catalog of all dies currently in inventory. These catalogs could be used to place orders for restrikes of the medals contained therein. As the Paris mint held dies and restruck medals for much of the 19th and 20th century, these catalogs provide insight into which medals likely were or were not restruck (if the dies are not listed herein, they were either removed after the original striking, rusted or destroyed, or struck elsewhere and thus Paris restrikes of that medal are unlikely).


Gadoury, Victor. Monnaies Francaises 1789 - 2013. Monaco: Editions Victor Gadoury, 2013.


LeCompte, Jean. Monnaies et Jetons des Colonies Francaises. Monaco: Editions Victor Gadoury, 2007. Hardbound. French. This recent edition of the catalog of coins and jetons of French colonies contains black and white photos of each series.


Maier, Nicolas. French Medallic Art 1870-1940. Munchen, Germany: Nicolas Maier, 2010. Hardbound. English, French, German. 1st Edition. This is the definitive work on Art Nouveau medals produced in France. While no work contains images of every medal produced, the detailed history of medallic art in the late 1800s and development of Art Nouveau and medallic art as a collectible artform is excellent. This work provide extensive biographies of the artists and images of many of their most famous works. A must have for collectors of French and Art Nouveau medals.


Mitchiner, Michael. Jetons, medalets & tokens -Volume II. The Low Countries and France. London: Hawkins Publications, 1991.


Rouhette, Thierry; Tuzio, Francesco. Médailles Franćaises des XV, XVI, XVII siècles 2008. Monaco: Editions Victor Gadoury, 2008. Hardbound. French. 1st Edition.


Schein, Allan. Mexican Beauty - Mexico’s Un Peso Caballito. Salt Lake City: Allan Schein, 2014. Softbound. English. 1st Edition. This book is focused on the Caballito Pesos of Mexico, but also contains useful information about the French medallic artist Charles Pillet and the coins and medals he engraved.


Germany


(also see Ancient)


(also see Medieval)


(also see Modern: General)


Germany: Medals, Jetons, and Tokens

Mitchiner, Michael. Jetons, medalets & tokens -Volume I. The Medieval Period and Nuremberg. London: Hawkins Publications, 1988. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Great Britain, England, United Kingdom


Lobel, Richard; Davidson, Mark; Hailstone, Allan; Calligas, Eleni. Coincraft’s 1999 Standard Catalog of English & UK Coins 1066 to Date. London: Standard Catalogue Publishers Ltd, 1999. Hardbound. English. 4th Edition.


Mitchell, Stephen; Reeds, Brian - Editors. Seaby Standard Catalog of British Coins : Coins of England and the United Kingdom. Broughton Gifford, UK: The Cromwell Press, 1996. Hardbound. English. 31st Edition.


Seaby, H.A.; Rayner, P.A. The English Silver Coinage from 1649. London: Robert Stockwell Ltd., 1974. Hardbound. English. 4th Edition.


Spink. Coins of England. Malta: Gutenberg Press Ltd, 2012. Hardbound. English. 47th Edition.

This standard catalog of British coins is published annually by Spink & Son of London. It contains a brief primer for new collectors, a fair amount of history about each era or ruler, date and variety information for each series, and a respected price guide.


(also see Ancient)


(also see Medieval)


(also see Modern: General)


Great Britain, England, United Kingdom: Colonial


(also see Modern: General)


Great Britain, England, United Kingdom: Medals, Jetons, and Tokens

Brown, Laurence. A Catalogue of British Historical Medals, 170-1960. Volume I: The Accession of George III to the Death of William IV. London: Spink & Son, Ltd.,  2007. Hardbound. English. Reprint.


Brown, Laurence. A Catalogue of British Historical Medals, 1760-1960. Volume II: The Reign of Queen Victoria. London: Spink & Son, Ltd.,  2007. Hardbound. English. Reprint.


Brown, Laurence. A Catalogue of British Historical Medals, 1760-1960. Volume III: The Accession of Edward VII to 1960. London: Spink & Son, Ltd.,  1995. Hardbound. English.


Eimer, Christopher. British Commemorative Medals and Their Values. London: Spink, 2010. English 2nd Edition


Mitchiner, Michael. Jetons, medalets & tokens -Volume III. British Isles 1558-1830. London: Hawkins Publications, 1998.


Mitchiner, Michael. Jetons, medalets & tokens -Volume IV. British Isles from circa 1830. London: Hawkins Publications, 2007.


Pinches, John Harvey. Medals by John Pinches: A Catalogue of Works Struck by the Company from 1840 to 1969. London: Heraldry Today, 1987. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Withers, Paul and Bente R. The Token Book : British Tokens of the 17th 18th and 18th centuries and their values. Llanfyllin, UK: Galata Print Limited, 2010. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Great Britain: Auction Catalogs


St. James’s Auctions. Auction 31 English and Foreign Coins, Tokens, Medallions, and Banknotes. London: St. James’s Auctions, 16 December 2014. Softbound. English.


St. James’s Auctions. Auction 32 The Park House Collection. London: St. James’s Auctions, 19 May 2015. Softbound. English.


St. James’s Auctions. Auction 33 Ancient, English and Foreign Coins, Medals, and Banknotes. London: St. James’s Auctions, 20 May 2015. Softbound. English.


St. James’s Auctions. Auction 34 Ancient, English and Foreign Coins, Medals and Banknotes. London: St. James’s Auctions, 21 September 2015. Softbound. English.


St. James’s Auctions. Auction 35 Ancient, English and Foreign Coins, Medals and Banknotes. London: St. James’s Auctions, 9 February 2016. Softbound. English.


St. James’s Auctions. Auction 36 Ancient, English and Foreign Coins, Medals and Banknotes. London: St. James’s Auctions, 19 April 2016. Softbound. English.


St. James’s Auctions. Auction 37 British, Islamic and Foreign Coins and Medals The Barker Collection of Engraved Coins. London: St. James’s Auctions, 27 June 2016. Softbound. English.


St. James’s Auctions. Auction 38 British, Islamic and Foreign Coins and Medals, British and World Banknotes. London: St. James’s Auctions, 29 September 2016. Softbound. English.


St. James’s Auctions. Auction 39 The Premiere Sale : British, Islamic and Foreign Coins and Medals. London: St. James’s Auctions, 30 September 2016. Softbound. English.


St. James’s Auctions. Auction 41 Ancient, Islamic, British and Foreign Coins and Medals. London: St. James’s Auctions, 30 November 2016. Softbound. English.


Baldwin’s of St. James’s. Auction 2 Ancient, British and Foreign Coins and Medals. London: Baldwin’s of St. James’s, 27 March 2017. Softbound. English.


Baldwin’s of St. James’s. Auction 5 Ancient, British and Foreign Coins and Medals, Banknotes. London: Baldwin’s of St. James’s, 15 May 2017. Softbound. English.


Baldwin’s of St. James’s. Auction 7 Ancient, British and Foreign Coins and Medals, Banknotes, 17th, 18th, 19th Century Tokens. London: Baldwin’s of St. James’s, 21 June 2017. Softbound. English.


Baldwin’s of St. James’s. Auction 8 Ancient and Islamic Coins, Commemorative Medals and Banknotes. London: Baldwin’s of St. James’s, 20 September 2017. Softbound. English.


Baldwin’s of St. James’s. Auction 9 British and Foreign Coins; The Richard Stuart Collection of British Honduras Coins; The Neil Shaw Collection; The Cathy Bullowa Collection. London: Baldwin’s of St. James’s, 21 September 2017. Softbound. English.


Baldwin’s of St. James’s. Auction 10 Ancient, British, Islamic and Foreign Coins, Medals and Banknotes. London: Baldwin’s of St. James’s, 22 September 2017. Softbound. English.


Baldwin’s of St. James’s. Auction 11 17th, 18th, 19th Century British and Irish Tokens and a Collection of Tokens from Australia and New Zealand. London: Baldwin’s of St. James’s, 4 October 2017. Softbound. English.


Baldwin’s of St. James’s. Auction 13 Ancient, British, and Foreign Coins and Medals, Banknotes, Orders, Decorations and Military Medals. London: Baldwin’s of St. James’s, 27 November 2017. Softbound. English.


Baldwin’s of St. James’s. Auction 14 Ancient, British, Islamic and Foreign Coins and Medals. London: Baldwin’s of St. James’s, 14 January 2018. Softbound. English.


Baldwin’s of St. James’s. Auction 16 Ancient, British and Foreign Coins and Medals and 17th, 18th and 19th Century Tokens. London: Baldwin’s of St. James’s, 17 April 2018. Softbound. English.


Baldwin’s of St. James’s. argentum Auction 17 Ancient Coins, British Coins and Tokens, Islamic and other World Coins, British and World Medals, Military Orders, Medals, and Decorations, Banknotes. London: Baldwin’s of St. James’s, 2 June April 2018. Softbound. English.


Baldwin’s of St. James’s. Auction 18 Ancient, British, Islamic and Foreign Coins and Medals, A Collection of Masonic Jewels. London: Baldwin’s of St. James’s, 7 June 2018. Softbound. English.


Greece


(also see Ancient)


(also see Medieval)


(also see Modern: General)


Guatemala


Robinson III, Charles M. The Coins of Guatemala 1733 - 1963. Charles M. Robinson, 1964. Softbound. English. 1st Edition.


(also see Spain: Colonial)


(also see Modern: General)


Guatemala: Auction Catalogs

Aureo & Calicó. Collección Gaspar de Portolà Volumen II: Colombia - Guatemala. Barcelona: Aureo & Calicó, 25 January 2018. Auction 304. Hardbound. Spanish.


India

Due to the vast number of different regions, rulers, and coins from India, the number of books and other resources that examine the coins of India is truly immense. No one book captures the coins of all or even most eras. As such, the Krause catalogs as mentioned under World Modern section of this listing are a good place to begin.


An online museum and information source on coins of India: https://www.mintageworld.com


(also see Ancient)


(also see Medieval)


(also see Great Britain: Colonial)


(also see Modern: General)


Ireland


Spink. Coins of Scotland, Ireland, and the Islands (Jersey, Guernsey, Man, & Lundy) including Anglo-Gallic Coins. Malta: Gutenberg Press Ltd, 2015. Hardbound. English. 3rd Edition. This standard catalog of coins of the coins of Scotland, Ireland, and other British Isles is published by Spink & Son of London. It contains a brief primer for new collectors, a fair amount of history about each era or ruler, date and variety information for each series, and a respected price guide.


(also see Modern: General)


Italy

Clain-Stefanelli, Elvira Eliza. Italian Coin Engravers Since 1800. Washington, D.C., 1965. Softbound and Electronic. English.


Emanuele III, Vittorio. Corpus Nummorum Italicorum. Rome: Tipografia della R. Accademia de’Lincei, 1910 - 1943. Hardbound or Electronic. Italian. 1st Edition. King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy was a passionate collector of Italian coins and set out to catalog all coins of Italy's long history through research of his own immense collection. With the aid of several numismatists this monumental twenty volume work, covering coins of Italy from ancient times to circa 1900, was written over a period of 33 years. The twenthieth volume reached the proofing stage, but was never officially published. As a result many original sets include only 19 volumes. Most volumes, including the twentieth, are now available as reprints from sellers on various book selling sites online or in digital form as free downloads from Italy’s Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities of Tourism: https://www.numismaticadellostato.it/web/pns/iuno-moneta/biblioteca/corpus


(also see Ancient)


(also see Medieval)


(also see Modern: General)


Japan


Hartill, David. Early Japanese Coins. Bedfordshire, England: Authors OnLine Ltd, 2011. Softbound. English. 1st Edition.


Jacobs, Norman; Vermeule III, Cornelius C. Japanese Coinage. New York: Numismatic Review, 1972. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Oka, M. Silver Crowns of the Far East. Tokyo: Taisei Stamps & Coins, 1966. Hardbound. Japanese with some English. 1st Edition.


(also see Ancient)


(also see Medieval)


(also see Modern: General)


Mexico


Bailey, Don and Lois. Whitman Encyclopedia of Mexican Money Volume 1. Atlanta: Whitman Publishing Company, 2014. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Bailey, Don and Lois. Whitman Encyclopedia of Mexican Money Volume 2: Modern Coins of Mexico, 1905 to Date. Atlanta: Whitman Publishing Company, 2015. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Schein, Allan. Mexican Beauty - Mexico’s Un Peso Caballito. Salt Lake City: Allan Schein, 2014. Softbound. English. 1st Edition.


Utberg, Neil S. The coins of colonial Mexico, 1536-1821: And the Empire of Iturbide, 1821-1823. 1966. Softbound. English. 1st Edition - 5th printing


(also see Spain: Colonial)


(also see Modern: General)


Mexico: Medals, Jetons, and Tokens

Grove, Frank W. Medals of Mexico Volume I - Medals of the Spanish Kings. San Jose, California: Prune Tree Press, 1970.


Grove, Frank W. Medals of Mexico Volume II - 1821-1971. San Jose, California: Prune Tree Press, 1972.


Netherlands

DelMonte, A. Le Benelux D'argent - De Zilveren Benelux. Crowns, half crowns, quarter crowns and Siege Coins Struck in the Territories of the Former Northern and Southern Netherlands. Amsterdam: Jacques Schulman, 1967. Hardbound. Dutch. 1st Edition.


Mevius, Johan. Special Catalog van de Nederlandse Munten van 1795 tot heden: met ned. west - indië - suriname - curacao - ned. antillen. Amsterdam: Mevius & Hirschhorn Int. B.V., 1977. Softbound. Dutch.


Scholten, C. The Coins of the Dutch Overseas Territories 1601-1945. Amsterdam: J. Schulmann, 1953. Hardbound. English.


Schulman, Jacques. Handboek van de Nederlandse Munten 1795 tot 1969. Amsterdam: Jacques Schulman N.V., 1969. Hardbound. Dutch.


(also see Spain: Colonial)


(also see Medieval)


(also see Modern: General)

          

Netherlands: Medals, Jetons, and Tokens


Dugniolle, Dr. Jean François. Le jeton historique des 17 provinces des Pays-Bas. Bruxelles: Fr. Gobbaerts, 1876. Hardbound and Electronic. French. 1st Edition.


Feuardent, F. Collection Feuardent - Jetons et Méreaux depuis Louis IX jusqu’a la fin du Consulat Bonaparte. London: Grandes Administrations de L’Etat de la Ville de Paris Corporations, etc., 1904. Hardbound and Electronic. French. 1st Edition.


Loon, Gerard van. Beschryving der Nederlandsche Historipenningen: of Beknopt Verhaal Van’t Gene Sedert de Overdracht der Heerschappye Van Keyser Karel den Vyfden op Koning Philips Zynen Zoon, tot het Sluyten van den Uytrechtschen Vreede, in de Zeventien Nederlandsche Gewesten is Voorgevallen - Eerste Deel. In’s Graavenhaage: Christiaan van Lom, Isaac Vaillant, Pieter Gosse, Rutgert Alberts, en Pieter de Hondt, 1723. Volume 1. Hardbound. Dutch. First edition.


Loon, Gerard van. Beschryving der Nederlandsche Historipenningen: of Beknopt Verhaal Van’t Gene Sedert de Overdracht der Heerschappye Van Keyser Karel den Vyfden op Koning Philips Zynen Zoon, tot het Sluyten van den Uytrechtschen Vreede, in de Zeventien Nederlandsche Gewesten is Voorgevallen - Tweede Deel. In’s Graavenhaage: Christiaan van Lom, Isaac Vaillant, Pieter Gosse, Rutgert Alberts, en Pieter de Hondt, 1726. Volume 2. Hardbound. Dutch. First edition.


Loon, Gerard van. Beschryving der Nederlandsche Historipenningen: of Beknopt Verhaal Van’t Gene Sedert de Overdracht der Heerschappye Van Keyser Karel den Vyfden op Koning Philips Zynen Zoon, tot het Sluyten van den Uytrechtschen Vreede, in de Zeventien Nederlandsche Gewesten is Voorgevallen - Derde Deel. In’s Graavenhaage: Christiaan van Lom, Pieter Gosse, Rutgert Alberts, en Pieter de Hondt, 1728. Volume 3. Hardbound. Dutch. First edition.


Loon, Gerard van. Beschryving der Nederlandsche Historipenningen: of Beknopt Verhaal Van’t Gene Sedert de Overdracht der Heerschappye Van Keyser Karel den Vyfden op Koning Philips Zynen Zoon, tot het Sluyten van den Uytrechtschen Vreede, in de Zeventien Nederlandsche Gewesten is Voorgevallen - Vierde Deel. In’s Graavenhaage: Christiaan van Lom, Isaac Vaillant, Pieter Gosse, Rutgert Alberts, en Pieter de Hondt, 1731. Volume 4. Hardbound. Dutch. First edition.


The four volume set of books by Gerard van Loon (listed above) comprise the standard reference on medals of the Netherlands for the period 1555 - 1716. About a century later students and faculty at the Royal Academy of Science in the Department of Literature and Fine Arts picked up where van Loon left off.  Over several decades they produced ten volumes (listed below) cataloguing medals of the Netherlands circa 1717 - 1806. These volumes likewise continue to be the standard reference for the period of time they cover.


De Tweede Klasses van het Koninklijk-Nederlandsche Institut van Wetenschappen, Letterkunde en Schoone Kunsten. Beschrijving van Nederlandsche Histoire-Penningen, ten Vervolge op het Werk van Mr. Gerard van Loon - Eerste Stuk. Amsterdam: Pieper and Ipenduur, 1821. Hardbound and Electronic. Dutch. 1st Edition.

English translation of title: Description of Netherlands Historical Medals, continuing from the Work of Gerard van Loon - Volume 1.

They are available in electronic form for free online.


De Tweede Klasses van het Koninklijk-Nederlandsche Institut van Wetenschappen, Letterkunde en Schoone Kunsten. Beschrijving van Nederlandsche Histoire-Penningen, ten Vervolge op het Werk van Mr. Gerard van Loon - Tweede Stuk. Amsterdam: Pieper and Ipenduur, 1824. Hardbound and Electronic. Dutch. 1st Edition.

English translation of title: Description of Netherlands Historical Medals, continuing from the Work of Gerard van Loon - Volume 2.


De Tweede Klasses van het Koninklijk-Nederlandsche Institut van Wetenschappen, Letterkunde en Schoone Kunsten. Beschrijving van Nederlandsche Histoire-Penningen, ten Vervolge op het Werk van Mr. Gerard van Loon - Derde Stuk. Amsterdam: Pieper and Ipenduur, 1827. Hardbound and Electronic. Dutch. 1st Edition.

English translation of title: Description of Netherlands Historical Medals, continuing from the Work of Gerard van Loon - Volume 3.


De Tweede Klasses van het Koninklijk-Nederlandsche Institut van Wetenschappen, Letterkunde en Schoone Kunsten. Beschrijving van Nederlandsche Histoire-Penningen, ten Vervolge op het Werk van Mr. Gerard van Loon - Vierde Stuk. Amsterdam: Pieper and Ipenduur, 1840. Hardbound and Electronic. Dutch. 1st Edition.

English translation of title: Description of Netherlands Historical Medals, continuing from the Work of Gerard van Loon - Volume 4.


De Tweede Klasses van het Koninklijk-Nederlandsche Institut van Wetenschappen, Letterkunde en Schoone Kunsten. Beschrijving van Nederlandsche Histoire-Penningen, ten Vervolge op het Werk van Mr. Gerard van Loon - Vijfde Stuk. Amsterdam: Pieper and Ipenduur, 1848. Hardbound and Electronic. Dutch. 1st Edition.

English translation of title: Description of Netherlands Historical Medals, continuing from the Work of Gerard van Loon - Volume 5.


De Tweede Klasses van het Koninklijk-Nederlandsche Institut van Wetenschappen, Letterkunde en Schoone Kunsten. Beschrijving van Nederlandsche Histoire-Penningen, ten Vervolge op het Werk van Mr. Gerard van Loon - Zesde Stuk. Amsterdam: De Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen, 1861. Hardbound and Electronic. Dutch. 1st Edition.

English translation of title: Description of Netherlands Historical Medals, continuing from the Work of Gerard van Loon - Volume 6.


De Tweede Klasses van het Koninklijk-Nederlandsche Institut van Wetenschappen, Letterkunde en Schoone Kunsten. Beschrijving van Nederlandsche Histoire-Penningen, ten Vervolge op het Werk van Mr. Gerard van Loon - Zevende Stuk. Amsterdam: Frederick Muller, 1862. Hardbound and Electronic. Dutch. 1st Edition.

English translation of title: Description of Netherlands Historical Medals, continuing from the Work of Gerard van Loon - Volume 7.


De Tweede Klasses van het Koninklijk-Nederlandsche Institut van Wetenschappen, Letterkunde en Schoone Kunsten. Beschrijving van Nederlandsche Histoire-Penningen, ten Vervolge op het Werk van Mr. Gerard van Loon - Achtste Stuk. Amsterdam: Frederick Muller, 1863. Hardbound and Electronic. Dutch. 1st Edition.

English translation of title: Description of Netherlands Historical Medals, continuing from the Work of Gerard van Loon - Volume 8.


De Tweede Klasses van het Koninklijk-Nederlandsche Institut van Wetenschappen, Letterkunde en Schoone Kunsten. Beschrijving van Nederlandsche Histoire-Penningen, ten Vervolge op het Werk van Mr. Gerard van Loon - Negende Stuk. Amsterdam: Frederick Muller, 1865. Hardbound and Electronic. Dutch. 1st Edition.

English translation of title: Description of Netherlands Historical Medals, continuing from the Work of Gerard van Loon - Volume 9.


De Tweede Klasses van het Koninklijk-Nederlandsche Institut van Wetenschappen, Letterkunde en Schoone Kunsten. Beschrijving van Nederlandsche Histoire-Penningen, ten Vervolge op het Werk van Mr. Gerard van Loon - Tiende Stuk. Amsterdam: Frederick Muller, 1867. Hardbound and Electronic. Dutch. 1st Edition.

English translation of title: Description of Netherlands Historical Medals, continuing from the Work of Gerard van Loon - Volume 10.


Mitchiner, Michael. Jetons, medalets & tokens -Volume II. The Low Countries and France. London: Hawkins Publications, 1991.


Netherlands: Auction Catalogs

Schulman b.v. Numismatists. Veiling 347 Auction 3 Juli 2015. Amsterdam: Schulman b.v., 2015. Hardbound. Dutch.


Schulman b.v. Numismatists. Veiling 348 Auction 16-17 April 2015. Amsterdam: Schulman b.v., 2015. Hardbound. Dutch.


Schulman b.v. Numismatists. Veiling 349 Auction 20-21 November 2015. Amsterdam: Schulman b.v., 2015. Hardbound. Dutch.


Schulman b.v. Numismatists. Veiling 351 Auction 16 September 2016. Amsterdam: Schulman b.v., 2016. Hardbound. Dutch.


Schulman b.v. Numismatists. Veiling 352 Auction 28 January 2017. Amsterdam: Schulman b.v., 2017. Hardbound. Dutch.


Schulman b.v. Numismatists. Veiling 353 Auction 25 June 2017. Amsterdam: Schulman b.v., 2017. Hardbound. Dutch.


Schulman b.v. Numismatists. Veiling 354 Auction 4 November 2017. Amsterdam: Schulman b.v., 2017. Hardbound. Dutch.


Schulman b.v. Numismatists. Veiling 355 Auction 1 March 2018. Amsterdam: Schulman b.v., 2018. Hardbound. Dutch.  (Exceptional Wilhelmina Collection)


Peru


Grunthal, Henry; Sellschopp, Ernesto A. The Coinage of Peru. Frankfurt Am Main: Numismatischer Verlag P.N. Schulten, 1978. Hardbound. English and German. 1st Edition.


(also see Spain: Colonial)


(also see Modern: General)


Philippines


Basso, Aldo P. Coins, Medals, and Tokens of the Philippines. Menlo Park, California: Chenby Publishers, 1968. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Basso, Aldo P. Coins, Medals, and Tokens of the Philippines 1728-1974. Quezon City: Bookman Printing House, 1975. Hardbound. English. 2nd Edition. The Basso book is considered the definitive reference for coins of the Philippines. The second edition has additional pieces not in the first edition and is therefore the book most often referenced. Surpassed only by O’Connor and even then only for Spanish Philippines issues of Queen Isabel II.


O’Connor, Patrick. The Coins of Queen Isabel II of Spain. San Antonio, Texas: Aurora Rarities LLC, 2017. Hardbound. English. 288 pages. Limited Printing of 250. The definitive work on coinage, patterns, fantasies, and medals of Queen Isabel II of Spain and the Philippines from 1833-1868.


Oropilla y Fortich, Quintin. Philippine Counterstamped Coins 1828-1839. Quezon City: Noumisma-Economic History Research Publishing Company, 2001. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


(also see Spain: Colonial)


(also see Modern: General)


Philippines: Medals, Jetons, and Tokens


Basso, Aldo P. Coins, Medals, and Tokens of the Philippines 1728-1974. Quezon City: Bookman Printing House, 1975. Hardbound. English. 2nd Edition. The Basso books are considered the definitive reference for coins of the Philippines. The second edition is the book most often referenced.


Honeycutt, Earl. Philippine Medals and Tokens 1780-2010. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: Mactanboy Press, 2014.


O’Connor, Patrick. The Coins of Queen Isabel II of Spain. San Antonio, Texas: Aurora Rarities LLC, 2017. Hardbound. English. 288 pages. Limited Printing of 250. The definitive work on coinage, patterns, fantasies, and medals of Queen Isabel II of Spain and the Philippines from 1833-1868.


Philippines: Auction Catalogs


Aureo & Calicó. Bohol Collección. Barcelona: Aureo & Calicó, 8 November 2017. Auction 299. Hardbound. Spanish.


Portugal

Gomes, Alberto. Moedas Portuguesas e do Território Português antes da Fundação de Nacionalidade. Lisbon: Alberto Gomes, 1996. Hardbound. Portuguese. 2nd Edition.


Silva, Reinaldo. Moedas de Portugal - Desde D. Joāo V até à Actualidade (1706 - 2012). Lisbon: NND Publicacões, 2012.


(also see Medieval)


(also see Modern: General)


Russia

Brekke, B.F. The Copper Coinage of Imperial Russia, 1700–1917. Malmö, 1977. Hardbound. English. 296pages with text illustrations.


Harris, Robert P. Guidebook of Russian Coins (1725 to 1970). Santa Cruz, CA: Bonanza Press, 1971. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Uzdenikov, V.V. Russian Coins 1700-1917. Moscow: Soviet German Joint Venture - “Internumismatic”, 1992. Hardbound. Russian. 1st Edition. Comprehensive review of Imperial Coins of Russia 1700 to 1917. This is the definitive work on Russian coins of this era.


Uzdenikov, V.V. Amount Minted Russian Money 1700-1917. Moscow: Soviet German Joint Venture - “Internumismatic”, 1995. Hardbound. Russian. 1st Edition. Comprehensive review of Imperial Coins of Russia 1700 to 1917. This is the definitive work on mintage figures for Russian coins of this era.


Uzdenikov, V.V. Russian Money 18th to Beginning of 20th Century - Collection of Articles. Moscow: World Fatherland Publishing, 1994. Hardbound. Russian. 1st Edition. This is a collection of articles about Russian coins with details on certain series and particular coins.


Julian, R.W. Russian Silver Coinage. Logansport, Indiana: Attebury Printing, 1993. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


(also see Modern: General)


Spain


Calicó, X. Numismática Española. Barcelona: Aureo & Calicó, 2008. This book catalogs all coins issued from the Catholic Monarchs to Juan Carlos I covering the years 1474 to 2001. The wealth of photos for identification make this book one of the standard references for collectors of Spanish coins. Hardbound. Spanish.


Cayón, Juan. Las Monedas Espanolas Del Tremis al Euro Del 411 A Nuestros Dias Volume I. Madrid: Cayón, 2005. (covers 411 to 1790) Hardbound. Spanish.


Cayón, Juan. Las Monedas Españolas Vol. II: del Tremis al Euro del 411 a Nuestros Días. Madrid: Cayón, 2005. Hardbound. Spanish.


Dasí, Tomás. Estudio de los reales de a ocho, también llamados pesos, dólares, piastras, patacones o duros españoles: Tomo 1-5. Valencia: Tipografía Artística, 1951. Hardbound. Spanish. Limited printing of 500 sets. These five volumes serve as a foundation of understanding of the historical background for Spanish coinage. Includes royal decrees and other contemporary or near contemporary sources of information on coinage of Spain. Any serious student of Spanish coinage must consult Dasí at some point.


de Grau, Gabriel Calbeto. Compendium VIII Reales Volume I & II. San Juan: Ediciones Juan Ponce de Leon, 1970. Hardbound. Spanish and English. Limited printing of 1500 sets. This two volume set provides an overview of 8 reales or “duro” sized coins of Spain and her colonies from the early 1600s to 1970 with photographs to aid identification. Much of the book is printed in both Spanish and English such that a given section will be written in English followed by the Spanish version of that same section. However, there are portions such as the catalog and decrees which are exclusively in Spanish. It contains insights on the mints, fantasy issues, and a substantial number of royal decrees associated with the coinage. The sheer volume of photographs neatly organized and commented with assayers initial, references to other works, and origins of photos combined with the textual information make this a treasure trove for a collector of these coins. Be aware that many offerings of this book include only 1 of the 2 volumes. The book is organized by mint location in alphabetical order so both volumes are necessary. To aid identification, volume 1 has a single star on the front cover and volume 2 has two stars on the front cover. Surpassed in depth and detail only by Dasí for general Spanish issues, by Gilboy for Columnarios, and by O’Connor for issues of Isabel II.


Heiss, Aloïss. Descripcion General de las Monedas Hispano-Cristianas desde la Invasion de los Arabas, Tomo 1-3. Artegraf, 1865. Hardbound. Spanish. Three volumes. 1262 pages; 228 plates. A general description of Spanish coinage for all reigns with images of the coinage types and contextual history. Before Calicó’s Numismática Española this book was a primary resource for identifying Spanish coin types. Still useful for historical information, but largely obsoleted by Dasí. Available as a 1975 hardbound reprint or in electronic form online.


Fantom, Glenn Stephen Murray. Casa de Moneda de Madrid : Cantidades Acuñadas y Ensayadores 1614-1868. Segovia: Asociación Amigos de la Casa de Moneda de Segovia, 2014. Softbound. Spanish. 1st Edition.


Lorente, Juan Jose Rodriguez. Las Monedas de Isabel II. Madrid: Par Artes Graficas., S.L., 1967. Hardbound. Spanish. 1st Edition.


O’Connor, Patrick. The Coins of Queen Isabel II of Spain. San Antonio, Texas: Aurora Rarities LLC, 2017. Hardbound. English. 288 pages. Limited Printing of 250. The definitive work on coinage, patterns, fantasies, and medals of Queen Isabel II of Spain and the Philippines from 1833-1868.


Pellicer, Josep. Glosario de maestros de ceca y ensaydores, siglos XIII-XX. Madrid: Museo Casa de la Moneda, 1997. 2nd Edition. 425 pages. Softbound. Spanish. The most complete collection of assayers and what limited biographical information is available for each.


Plañiol, Adolfo. Casa de la Moneda. Legislación. Sistemas monetarios. Estadística de fabricacción de moneda española desde la fundación en Madrid de dicha Casa. Madrid, 1917.  


Scott, Michael. Guidebook of Spanish Coins (since the monetary reform of 1868 to date). PAR, Artes Graficas, S.A., 1972. Hardbound. English. Largely obsoleted by Krause.


Tortella, Gabriel; Herr, Valerie. The Development of Modern Spain: An Economic History of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Boston: Harvard University Press, 2000. English; 544 pages.


Tortella, Gabriel; Ruiz, José Luis García. Spanish Money and Banking: A History. Palgrave MacMillan, 2013. English; 272 pages.


Vicenti, Jose A. Catalogo General de las Moneda Espanola. Madrid: Salinero, 1968. Hardbound. Spanish. 1st Edition.


Vico Monteoliva, Jesus; Segarra, Fernando P. Catalogo General de las Monedas Espanolas Vol. VI: Acunaciones the la Casa de Borbon - de Felipe V a Isabel II. Madrid: Editorial Vico & Segarra, 1985. Hardbound. Spanish.


(also see Ancient)


(also see Spain: Colonial)


(also see Medieval)


(also see Modern: General)


Spain: Colonial

Beals, Gary. Numismatic Terms of Spain and Spanish America. San Diego, California: Gary Beals, 1966. Softbound. English. 1st Edition.


Calicó, X. Numismática Española. Barcelona: Aureo & Calicó, 2008. This book catalogs all coins issued from the Catholic Monarchs to Juan Carlos I covering the years 1474 to 2001. The wealth of photos for identification make this book one of the standard references for collectors of Spanish coins. Hardbound. Spanish.


Cook, Todd. The Lost Coins of Early Americans - Still a Secret!. USA: Xulon Press, 2006. Softbound. English. 1st Edition.


de Grau, Gabriel Calbeto. Compendium VIII Reales Volume I & II. San Juan: Ediciones Juan Ponce de Leon, 1970. Hardbound. Spanish and English. Limited printing of 1500 sets. This two volume set provides an overview of 8 reales or “duro” sized coins of Spain and her colonies from the early 1600s to 1970 with photographs to aid identification. Much of the book is printed in both Spanish and English such that a given section will be written in English followed by the Spanish version of that same section. However, there are portions such as the catalog and decrees which are exclusively in Spanish. It contains insights on the mints, fantasy issues, and a substantial number of royal decrees associated with the coinage. The sheer volume of photographs neatly organized and commented with assayers initial, references to other works, and origins of photos combined with the textual information make this a treasure trove for a collector of these coins. Be aware that many offerings of this book include only 1 of the 2 volumes. The book is organized by mint location in alphabetical order so both volumes are necessary. To aid identification, volume 1 has a single star on the front cover and volume 2 has two stars on the front cover. Surpassed in depth and detail only by Dasí for general Spanish issues, by Gilboy for Columnarios, and by O’Connor for issues of Isabel II.


Gilboy, Frank. The Milled Columnarios of Central and South America. Prairie Wind Publishing, 1999. Hardbound. English. 293 pages. Limited Printing of 500. A masterpiece reference work on Spanish American Pillar Coinage of 1732 to 1772. If knowledge is power then this book is a ship of the line with 100 guns. Gilboy explores the history and origins of the famous pillars with worlds and seas design and its implementation on 8 reales and the other denominations. Virtually every detail you could imagine regarding pillar 8, 4, 2, 1, and 1/2 reales is discussed at length in this book. The appendix includes many details of history and operations of the mints, the rulers and officials involved, the methods of manufacture, weights of the coins, and more. This book is essential for anyone interested in the Spanish American Pillar coinage. Unfortunately, only 500 of this book were issued in 1999. Because the information it contains is so essential for collectors this is a rare and hard to find item.


Krause, Chester L.; Mishler, Clifford. Standard Catalog of World Coins of Spain, Portugal, and the New World. Iola, Wisconsin: Krause Publications, 2001.


Sedwick, Daniel and Frank. The Practical Book of Cobs. USA: Daniel and Frank Sedwick, 2007. Softbound. English. 4th Edition.


(also see Spain: Colonial)


(also see Modern: General)


Spain: Counterfeit

Coronado, I. Barrera. Catálogo General De La Colección De Moneda Falsa desde Los Reyes Catolicos a Juan Carlos I.  2000. Softbound. Spanish. 228 pages. This book catalogs counterfeit coins of Spain and Philippines, most of which were of contemporary issue.


Spain: Medals, Jetons, and Tokens

Almagro-Gorbea, Martín; Alcorta, María Cruz Pérez; Moneo, Teresa; Bardán, José María Vidal. Medallas Españolas : Catalogo del Gabinete de Antiguedades. Madrid: Real Academia de la Historia, 2005. 696 pages. A useful reference with hundreds of images and detailed descriptions. Written in Spanish.


Quadras, Manuel Vidal; Barcelona, Ramón De. Catálogo De La Colección De Monedas Y Medallas. Originally issued in 1892 as 4 volumes. Electronic. Spanish. Free download. Reprints also available as a single 420 page volume.


Herrera, Adolfo. Medallas de Proclamaciones y Juras de los Reyes de España. 1978. Hardbound. Spanish. Reprint. 284 pages with 107 plates and value guide.


Rulau, Russell. Tokens of Spain. Numismatics International, 2003. Hardbound. English. 174 pages.     


Trapero, María Ruiz. Catalogo de la Colleccion de Medallas Españolas del Patrimonio Nacional - Volume II. Madrid: Comunidad de Madrid Consejeria de Educacion, 2003. Hardbound. Spanish. 1st Edition.


Vives, D. Antonio. Medallas de la Casa de Borbon de D. Amadeo I, del Gobierno Provisional y de la Republica Espanola. Madrid, 1916. Hardbound. Spanish. Limited Printing of 600. Reprints in limited quantity occasionally available. Despite its age and limited number of illustrations, this book remains among the most complete catalogs of Spanish medals. As such, it continues to serve as the primary reference for auction cataloguers. In terms of identification with color images, it is obsoleted by the works of Almagro-Gorbea and Trapero.

     

Spain: Auction Catalogs

Aureo & Calicó. Colección O’Donnell - Carlos V (Pretendiente), Isabel II. Barcelona: Aureo & Calicó, 19 November 2003. Softbound. Spanish.


Aureo & Calicó. Subasta Numismatica Colección “Anastasia de Quiroga”. Barcelona: Aureo & Calicó, 28 April 2011. Auction 233. Softbound. Spanish.


Aureo & Calicó. Subasta Numismatica 26 de Septiembre 2013. Barcelona: Aureo & Calicó, 26 September 2013. Auction 254. Softbound. Spanish.


Aureo & Calicó. Colleccion Isabel de Trastamara Volume 1 Felipe V Fernando VI Luis I. Barcelona: Aureo & Calicó, 27 May 2014. Auction 260. Hardbound. Spanish.


Aureo & Calicó. Colleccion Isabel de Trastamara Volume 2 Carlos III. Barcelona: Aureo & Calicó, 29-30 October 2014. Auction 263. Hardbound. Spanish.


Aureo & Calicó. Subasta 29 & 30 de Octubre 2014. Barcelona: Aureo & Calicó, 30 October 2014. Auction 263-1. Softbound. Spanish.


Aureo & Calicó. Selección de 500 Monedas, Medallas, y Billetes. Barcelona: Aureo & Calicó, 12 March 2015. Auction 266. Hardbound. Spanish.


Aureo & Calicó. Colleccion Isabel de Trastamara Volume 3 Fernando VII. Barcelona: Aureo & Calicó, 23 April 2015. Auction 267. Hardbound. Spanish.


Aureo & Calicó. Colleccion Isabel de Trastamara Volume 4 Isabel II & Carlos. Barcelona: Aureo & Calicó, 29 October 2015. Auction 271. Hardbound. Spanish.


Aureo & Calicó. Collección Permanyer. Barcelona: Aureo & Calicó, 28 April 2016. Auction 277. Softbound. Spanish.


Aureo & Calicó. Colleccion Isabel de Trastamara Volume 5 Juana I, Carlos I, Felipe II. Barcelona: Aureo & Calicó, 26 May 2016. Auction 279. Hardbound. Spanish.


Aureo & Calicó. O’Callaghan Collección. Barcelona: Aureo & Calicó, 10 November 2016. Auction 284. Softbound. Spanish.


Aureo & Calicó. Subasta 7 Febrero 2017. Barcelona: Aureo & Calicó, 7 February 2017. Auction 287. Softbound. Spanish.


Aureo & Calicó. Subasta 16 Marzo 2017. Barcelona: Aureo & Calicó, 16 March 2017. Auction 289. Softbound. Spanish.


Aureo & Calicó. Selección de 500 Monedas, Medallas, y Billetes. Barcelona: Aureo & Calicó, 16 March 2017. Auction 290. Softbound. Spanish.


Aureo & Calicó. Subasta 24 Mayo 2017. Barcelona: Aureo & Calicó, 24 May 2017. Auction 293. Softbound. Spanish.


Aureo & Calicó. Colleccion Isabel de Trastamara Volume 6 Felipe IV. Barcelona: Aureo & Calicó, 25 May 2017. Auction 294. Hardbound. Spanish.


Aureo & Calicó. Subasta 5 Julio 2017. Barcelona: Aureo & Calicó, 5 July 2017. Auction 295. Softbound. Spanish.


Aureo & Calicó. Subasta  21 Septiembre 2017. Barcelona: Aureo & Calicó, 21 September 2017. Auction 296. Softbound. Spanish.


Aureo & Calicó. Subasta 18 & 19 Octubre 2017. Barcelona: Aureo & Calicó, 21 September 2017. Auction 297. Softbound. Spanish.


Aureo & Calicó. Subasta 13 & 14 Diciembre 2017. Barcelona: Aureo & Calicó, 13 Diciembre 2017. Auction 301. Softbound. Spanish.


Aureo & Calicó. Collecion Isabel de Trastamara Volume 8. Barcelona: Aureo & Calicó, 14 Diciembre 2017. Auction 302. Hardbound. Spanish.


Aureo & Calicó. Collección Gaspar de Portolà Volumen II: Colombia - Guatemala. Barcelona: Aureo & Calicó, 25 January 2018. Auction 304. Hard

bound. Spanish.


Cayón Subastas. Subasta 9 de Mayo de 2013. Madrid: Cayón Subastas, 2013. Softbound. Spanish.


Cayón Subastas. Subasta 28 April 2015 Important Collection of Coins, Including XIII Cincuentines. Madrid: Cayón Subastas, 2015. Hardbound. Spanish.


Spain: History

Carr, Raymond. Spain : A History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Carr, Raymond. Spain 1808-1939. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1966. Hardbound. English. 3rd Edition.


Ellis, Edward S.; Horne, Charles F. The Story of the Greatest Nations. Volume VIII Russia - Spain. New York: Francis R. Niglutsch, 1914. Hardbound. English.


Phillips Jr., William D.; Phillips, Carla Rahn. A Concise History of Spain. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014. Softbound English. 1st Edition - 6th printing


Pierson, Peter. The History of Spain. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1999. Hardbound. English. Reprint.


de Polnay, Peter. A Queen of Spain. London: Hollis & Carter, 1962. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Tortella,Gabriel. The Development of Modern Spain: An Economic History of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2000. Hardbound. English.


Sweden

Cordry, Scott Eric. The Modern Coinage of Sweden. San Clemente, California: Malter-Westerfield Publishing Company, Inc., 1971. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


(also see Medieval)


(also see Modern: General)


Switzerland     

Clarke, Robert L. The Coinage of Switzerland 1850 to Date. 1968. Softbound. English. 1st Edition. 64 pages


Divo, Jean Paul. Die Taler Der Schweiz. Zurich: 2005. Softbound. German. 1st Edition. 132 pages


(also see Modern: General)


Switzerland: Medals, Jetons, and Tokens


Richter, Jurg. Die Schutzentaler und Schutzenmedaillen der Schweiz. Regenstauf: H. Geitl Verlag & Publikationsservice GmBH, 2005. Hardbound. German.


Richter, Jurg. Die Schutzenjetons der Schweiz. Regenstauf: H. Geitl Verlag & Publikationsservice GmBH, 2005. Hardbound. German.


Turkey (formerly Byzantine Empire, Lydia, Ionia)

Grierson, Philip. Byzantine Coins (Library of Numismatics Series). University of California Press, 1982. English; 411 pp.


Grierson, Philip. Byzantine Coinage (Dumbarton Oaks Byzantine Collection - Book 4). Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, 1999. English; 76 pp.


(also see Ancient)


(also see Medieval)


(also see Modern: General)


USA

USA: General


Bowers, Q. David. The History of United States Coinage: As Illustrated by the Garrett Collection. Los Angeles. Bowers & Ruddy Galleries, Inc., 1979.


Breen, Walter. Walter Breen’s Complete Encyclopedia of U.S. and Colonial Coins. New York: Doubleday, 1988.


Bressett, Ken. A Guidebook of United States Coins: MegaRed. Atlanta: Whitman Publishing LLC, 2017. 3rd Edition. A newer edition may be available.


Bressett, Ken, ed. A Guidebook of United States Coins: Professional Edition. Ed. Ken Bressett. Atlanta: Whitman Publishing LLC, 2009. Soft spiral-bound. 1st Edition. Whitman’s first foray into a more fully detailed version of their famous Guidebook.


Fivaz, Bill & Stanton, J.T. Cherrypicker’s Guide to Rare Die Varieties of United States Coins Volume I. Atlanta: Whitman Publishing LLC, 2009. Hard spiral-bound. English.


Fivaz, Bill & Stanton, J.T. Cherrypicker’s Guide to Rare Die Varieties of United States Coins Volume II. Atlanta: Whitman Publishing LLC, 2012. Hard spiral-bound. English.


Flynn, Kevin. Two Dates are Better than One: A Collector’s Guide to Misplaced Dates. Rancocas, NJ: KCK Press, 1997.


Yeoman, R.S. A Guidebook of United States Coins. Ed. Kenneth Bressett. Atlanta: Whitman Publishing LLC, 2018. A newer edition may be available.


(also see Spain: Colonial)


(also see Modern: General)


USA: Patterns & Proofs

Breen, Walter. Walter Breen's Encyclopedia of United States and Colonial Proof Coins, 1722-1977. New York: F.C.I. Press, Inc., 1977


Judd, J. Hewitt. United States Pattern, Experimental and Trial Pieces. Atlanta: Whitman Publishing LLC, 2008. Hardbound. 10th Edition.


Society of U.S. Pattern Collectors website <http://uspatterns.com>


(also see World Modern)


USA: Colonial

Bowers, Q. David. Whitman Encyclopedia of Colonial and Early American Coins. Atlanta: Whitman Publishing LLC, 2009.


Durst, Sanford J. Comprehensive Guide to American Colonial Coinage. New York: Sanford J. Durst, 1976.


USA: Half Cents

Bowers, Q. David & Ruddy, J.F. United States Half Cents. New York: Sanford J. Durst Numismatic Publications, 1984.


Breen, Walter. Walter Breen's Encyclopedia of United States Half Cents, 1793-1857. South Gate, California: American Institute of Numismatic Research, 1983.


Cohen, Roger S. American half cents, the "little half sisters": A reference book on the United States half cent coined from 1793 to 1857. Arlington, Virginia: Wigglesworth & Ghatt Co., 1982.


USA: 1 Cent

Newcomb, Howard. United States Copper Cents 1816-1857. New York: Sanford J. Durst Numismatic Publications, 1985.


Sheldon, William H. Early American Cents, 1793-1814. New York: Harper & Brothers Publishers, 1949.

The original book on cents by Sheldon appeared in 1949 and many subsequent revisions were published in the years since. The 1990 edition is generally considered the most useful for collectors of early large cents.


Sheldon, William H. Penny Whimsy. New York: Durst Publications Ltd., 1990.


Snow, Richard. A Guide Book of Flying Eagle and Indian Head Cents: Complete Source for History, Grading, and Prices. Atlanta: Whitman Publishing LLC, 2016. Softbound. English. 1st Edition.


USA: 2 Cent


Kliman, Myron M. The Two Cent Piece and Varieties. New York: Sanford J. Durst Numismatic Publications, 1977.


USA: 20 Cent

Brunner, Lane J.; Frost, John M. Double Dimes : The United States Twenty-cent Piece. Lane J. Brunner and John M. Frost, 2014. Soft spiral-bound. English. 1st Edition. The definitive work on the twenty cent piece. Soft spiral-bound and also available at no cost on the web at http://www.doubledimes.com/


USA: 50 Cent


Ehrmentraut, Jack A. An Analysis of Gem Franklin Half Dollars. Hiawatha, Iowa: Five Seasons Publishers, 1983. Softbound. English. 1st Edition.


Swiatek, Anthony. The Walking Liberty Half Dollar. Long Island City, New York: Durst,1983. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Overton, Al C. Early Half Dollar Die Varieties 1794-1836. Escondido, California: Donald L. Parsley, 1990. Hardbound. English. 3rd Edition.


USA: 1 Dollar


Bowers, Q. David. Silver Dollars & Trade Dollars of the United States -  A Complete Encyclopedia. Atlanta: Whitman Publishing LLC, 1993.


Hager, Alan. The Accugrade System: a Comprehensive Guide to Morgan and Peace Dollars in Accugrade "Uncirculated". Bedford, New York: Silver Dollars Unlimited, Inc., 1984.


Howe, Dean F. Morgan Dollars: An In Depth Study. Sandy, Utah: Dean F. Howe Rare Coins, 1988.


Hurlbut, Clarence J. Relative Rarity of United States Silver Dollars. Bethesda, Maryland: Clarence J. Hurlbut, 1961.


Van Allen, Leroy C. & Mallis, George A. Comprehensive Catalog and Encyclopedia of Morgan & Peace Dollars. Newtown, Pennsylvania: Bob Paul, Inc., 2010. The definitive work on varieties for these two popular series of USA silver dollars.


VAMWorld http://www.vamworld.com


USA: Gold


Bowers, Q. David. United States Gold Coins : An Illustrated History. Los Angeles: Bowers & Ruddy Galleries, Inc, 1982.


Breen, Walter; Gillio, Ronald. California Pioneer Fractional Gold: Historic Gold Rush Small Change 1852-1857 And Supressed Jewelers' Issues 1858-1882.  Los Angeles: Bowers & Merena Galleries, 2003. Softbound. 2nd Edition. English.


Garrett, Jeff and Guth, Ron. Encyclopedia of U.S. Gold Coins 1795-1933. Atlanta: Whitman Publishing LLC, 2006.


USA: Commemorative     

Swiatek, Anthony; Breen, Walter. Silver & Gold Commemorative Coins 1892-1989. New York: Bowers & Merena Galleries, 1990. Hardbound. English. Anthony is a well known authority on U.S. commemorative coins and his book serves as the definitive guide for both novice and advanced collector.  


USA: Error Coins

Errorscope May 2003 Vol 12 No 3. Softbound. English.


Spadone, Frank G. Major Variety and Oddity Guide to United States Coins. Florence, Alabama: Anco, 1981. Softbound. English.


Weinberg, Arnold; Margolis, Fred. The Error Coin Encyclopedia - 3rd Edition. Self Published, 2000. Hardbound. English.


CONECA is a group of organizations devoted to the study and collection of U.S. error coins.  http://www.conecaonline.org


USA: Medals, Jetons, and Tokens               


Bowers, Q. David. A Guidebook of Civil War Tokens. Atlanta: Whitman Publishing LLC, 2013. Softbound. English. 1st Edition.


Bowers, Q. David. A Guidebook of Hard Times Tokens. Atlanta: Whitman Publishing LLC, 2015. Softbound. English. 1st Edition.


Fuld, George and Melvin. Patriotic Civil War Tokens. Racine, WI: Whitman Publishing, 1960. Softbound. English. 2nd Edition.


Jaeger, Katherine. A Guide Book of United States Tokens and Medals. Atlanta: Whitman Publishing LLC, 2008. Softbound. English. 1st Edition.


Numismatic Issues of the Franklin Mint 1969 Edition. Yeadon, Pennsylvania: Franklin Mint, Inc., 1969. Softbound. English.


Julian, R.W. Medals of the United States Mint: The First Century 1792-1892. El Cajon, California: Token and Medal Society. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Krause, Chester. Guidebook of Franklin Mint Issues- 1980 Edition. Iola, Wisconsin: Krause Publications, 1980. Softbound. English.

Catalogs of Franklin Mint issues appeared in the decades prior, but the 1982 Edition is the last and most complete edition. The 1980 Edition misses the last two years, but is more available and therefore less costly than the 1982 Edition.


Rulau, Russell. United States Tokens 1700 - 1900. Iola, Wisconsin: Krause Publications, 2004. Softbound. English. 4th Edition.

               

USA: Paper Money

ANA Anthology. Selections from The Numismatist : United States Paper Money, Tokens, Medals, and Miscellaneous. Colorado Springs, Colorado: American Numismatic Association, 1960. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Clain-Stefanelli, Elvira and Vladimir. Chartered for Progress: Two Centuries of American Banking. Washington, D.C.: Acropolis Books, Ltd., 1975. Softbound. English. 1st Edition.


Criswell, Col. Grover. Criswell’s Compendium. Fort McCoy, Florida: Criswell’s Publications, 1987. Softbound. English.


Donlon, William P. Donlon Catalog of United States Small Size Paper Money. Chicago: Hewitt Bros., 1969. Softbound. English. 5th Edition.


Friedberg, Arthur L. and Friedberg, Ira S. Paper Money of the United States. Clifton, New Jersey: The Coin and Currency Institute, Inc. 2001. Hardbound. English. 16th Edition.


Griffiths, William H. The Story of American Bank Note Company. New York: American Bank Note Company, 1959.


Hessler, Gene. The Comprehensive Catalog of U.S. Paper Money IV.  Port Clinton, Ohio: BNR Press, 1983. Softbound. English. 4th Edition.


Kemm, Theodore. The Official Guide of United States Paper Money.  New York: HC Publishers, Inc., 1968. Softbound. English. 2nd Edition.


(also see World Modern)     


USA: Auction Catalogs


Legend Morphy Rare Coin Auctions. Legend Morphy Rare Coin Auctions: Premiere October 10 Auction 2012. Hardbound. English.


Legend Morphy Rare Coin Auctions. Legend Morphy Rare Coin Auctions: December 13, 2012 Las Vegas. Hardbound. English.


Legend Morphy Rare Coin Auctions. Legend Morphy Rare Coin Auctions: February 28, 2013 Las Vegas. Hardbound. English.


Legend Morphy Rare Coin Auctions. Legend Morphy Rare Coin Auctions: December 19, 2013 Las Vegas. Hardbound. English.


Lyn Knight Auctions. Texas Numismatic Association Auction May 19-20, 2014. Softbound. English.


Morphy Rare Coin Auctions. Murphy Coin Auction: October 31, 2015. Hardbound. English.


Stack’s Bowers Galleries. June 20-21 2013 Baltimore Auction. Softbound. English.


Stack’s Bowers Galleries. August 2013 Chicago ANA Auction - Rarities Night. Softbound. English.


Scotsman Auction Co. The Collector’s Auction - The Silver Dollar and Rare Coin Expo. Saint Louis: October 16-17, 2003. Softbound. English.


Scotsman Auction Co. The Southwest Winter Sale - Houston Money Show of the Southwest. Houston: January 23-24, 2004. Softbound. English.


Superior Galleries. Baltimore 2003 Elite Coin Auction.July 27-28, 2003. Softbound. English.


Superior Galleries. Fort Lauderdale 2005 Elite Coin Auction. January 11, 2005. Softbound. English.


2.2  Authentication


ANA Anthology. Counterfeit Detection : American Numismatic Association : a reprint from The Numismatist. Colorado Springs, Colorado: American Numismatic Association, 1983. Softbound. English. Reprint.


Baliga, Pundalik S. Numismatic Forgery. Mumbai: Dinesh Mody Institute of Numismatics and Archeology, 2014. Electronic. Free download. English. Discusses definitions of forgery versus contemporary counterfeit and fantasy issues. Appears to misuse the term forgery with regard to contemporary counterfeits and fantasy issues. Interesting discussion of various methods to produce fake coins and examples of fake coins of India.


Coronado, I. Barrera. Catálogo General De La Colección De Moneda Falsa desde Los Reyes Catolicos a Juan Carlos I.  2000. Softbound. Spanish. 228 pages. This book catalogs counterfeit coins of Spain and Philippines, most of which were of contemporary issue.


Dannreuther, John W. Official Guide to Coin Grading and Counterfeit Detection. New York: House of Collectibles, 1997. Softbound. English. 1st Edition.


Dannreuther, John W. Official Guide to Coin Grading and Counterfeit Detection. New York: House of Collectibles, 2001. Softbound. English. 2nd Edition.


Giumlia-Mair, A; Lucchini, E. “Surface Analyses on Modern and Ancient Copper Based Fakes.”  Surface Engineering Vol. 21 No. 5-6 2005: 406-410.


Gurney, Robert. Counterfeit Portrait Eight-Reales: The Un-real Reales. Hope Mills, North Carolina: Swamperbob Associates, 2014. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Hudgeons, Mark. The Official Guide to Detecting Altered & Counterfeit U.S. Coins & Currency. Orlando, Florida: House of Collectibles, 1985. Softbound. English. 2nd Edition.


Kleeberg, John. Circulating Counterfeits of the Americas. New York: American Numismatic Society, 1998.


Larson, Charles M. Numismatic Forgery. Irvine, California: Zyrus Press, 2004. Softbound. English. 1st Edition.


Lonesome John. Detecting Counterfeit Coins Book 1. Newbury Park, California: Heigh Ho Printing Company, 1980. Softbound. English. 1st Edition - 5th printing.


Lonesome John. Detecting Counterfeit Coins Book 2. Newbury Park, California: Heigh Ho Printing Company, 1980. Softbound. English. 1st Edition - 16th printing.


Lorenzo, John. “Updates to John Kleeberg’s 1998 COAC Study of Counterfeit Two- Reales” The Colonial Newsletter April 2011 No. 145: 3681-3718.

Lorenzo, John. Forgotten Coins of the North American Colonies - 25th Anniversary Edition. Lexington, Kentucky: John Lorenzo, 2018. Softbound and Electronic. English. 1st Edition.


Martin, J.P. Detecting Counterfeit and Altered U.S. Coins: An ANA Correspondence Course. Colorado Springs, Colorado: American Numismatic Association, 1996. English.


O’Connor, Patrick. "The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly - Contemporary Counterfeit Coins from the Reign of Queen Isabel II" CoinWeek 8 March 2018.


NGC. Important Announcement: Counterfeit NGC Holders. Sarasota, Florida: Numismatic Guaranty Corporation, 2008.


PCGS. Counterfeit PCGS Holders. Long Beach, California: Professional Coin Grading Service, 2008.


Riddell, John Leonard. A Monograph of the Silver Dollar - Good and Bad (1845). USA: Kissinger Legacy Reprints, 2014.


Sayles, Wayne G. Classical Deception (Counterfeits, Forgeries, and Reproductions of Ancient Coins). Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2001. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Taxay, Don. Counterfeit, Mis-Struck, and Unofficial U.S. Coins. New York: Arco Publishing Company, Inc., 1963. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.

     

2.3  Condition


Allen, Derek Francis. The Standard Guide to Grading British Coins. London: Rotographic International, 2009. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


ANA. Grading United States Coins. A Handbook for ANA Hands On Course. Colorado Springs, Colorado: American Numismatic Association, 2012. Softbound. English.


ANA. Introduction to Numismatics: An ANA Correspondence Course. Colorado Springs, Colorado: American Numismatic Association, 1990. Softbound. English.


Bonser, Don. Grading Coins Today: An ANA Correspondence Course. Colorado Springs, Colorado: American Numismatic Association, 1995. Softbound. English.


Bowers, Q. David. Grading Coins by Photographs. Atlanta: Whitman Publishing LLC, 2011. Soft spiral-bound. English. 1st Edition.


Bressett, Kenneth. The Official American Numismatic Association Grading Standards for United States Coins. Atlanta: Whitman Publishing LLC, 2006. Hard spiral-bound. English. 6th Edition.


Dannreuther, John W. Official Guide to Coin Grading and Counterfeit Detection. New York: House of Collectibles, 1997. Softbound. English. First Edition.


Dannreuther, John W. Official Guide to Coin Grading and Counterfeit Detection. New York: House of Collectibles, 2001. Softbound. English. Second Edition.


Hager, Alan. The Accugrade System: a Comprehensive Guide to Morgan and Peace Dollars in Accugrade "Uncirculated". Bedford, New York: Silver Dollars Unlimited, Inc., 1984. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Halperin, James L. N.C.I. Grading Guide. Dallas, Texas: Ivy Press, Inc., 1986. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Martin, J.P. Grading Mint State U.S. Coins: An ANA Correspondence Course. Colorado Springs, Colorado: American Numismatic Association, 1999. Softbound. English. 1st Edition.


Ruddy, James F. Photograde. Los Angeles: Bowers & Ruddy Galleries, Inc., 1980. Softbound. English 12th Edition.


Ruddy, James F. Photograde. Wolfeboro, New Hampshire: Bowers & Merena Galleries, Inc., 1988. Softbound. English. 17th Edition.


2.4  Valuation

Bressett, Ken. A Guidebook of United States Coins. Atlanta: Whitman Publishing LLC, 2014. Soft Spiral-bound. English. 67th Edition.


Coin Dealer Newsletter. Torrance, CA: CDN Publishing, 2014 - 2018. Electronic. English.


Cohen, Bob. The Cohen Coin Book. 1930 Softbound. English.


French, Charles F. 1988 American Guide to U.S. Coins. New York: Simon & Schuster, Inc., 1987. Softbound. English. 16th Edition


Hall, David. PCGS Rare Coin Market Report. April 2007  Vol 1 No 1. Softbound. English.


Hoppe, Donald J. How to Invest in Gold Coins. New York: Arco Publishing Company, Inc. 1975. Softbound. English. 2nd Edition.


Kagin, Donald H. Donald Kagin’s Personal Guide to Rare Coin Investments. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Inc., 1985. Softbound. English. 1st Edition.


Mehl, B. Max. The Star Rare Coin Encyclopedia and Premium Catalog. Dallas, Texas: B. Max Mehl, 1931. Softbound. English.


Raymond, Wayte. Standard Catalog of United States Coins and Currency 1939. New York: Wayte Raymond, Inc., 1939. Hardbound. English.


Sinclair, James E. & Schultz, Harry D. How You Can Profit from Gold. USA, Arlington House Publishers, 1980. Hardbound. English. 2nd Edition.


Yeoman, R.S. A Guidebook of United States Coins. Racine, WI: Western Publishing Company, 1986. Hardbound.. English. 39th Edition


Yeoman, R.S. A Guidebook of United States Coins. Racine, WI: Western Publishing Company, 1988. Hardbound. English. 41st Edition


Yeoman, R.S. A Guidebook of United States Coins. New York: Golden Books Publishing Company, Inc., 1999. Hardbound. English. 52nd Edition


Yeoman, R.S. Handbook of United States Coins with Premium List. Racine, Wisconsin: Western Publishing Company, 1970. Hardbound. English. 27th Edition.


2.5  Collecting

Bowers, Q. David. The Numismatist’s Bedside Companion Volume I. Wolfeboro, New Hampshire: Bowers & Merena Galleries, Inc. Softbound. English.


Bowers, Q. David. The Numismatist’s Fireside Companion Volume II. Wolfeboro, New Hampshire: Bowers & Merena Galleries, Inc. Softbound. English.


Reinfeld, Fred. How to Build a Coin Collection. New York: Barnes & Noble, Inc., 1968. Softbound. English. 5th Edition.


Rochette, Edward C. The Other Side of the Coin. Frederick, Colorado: Renaissance House, 1985. Softbound. English.


The PCGS Guide to Collecting United States Coins 1792 - 1964. PCGS, 2000. Softbound. English.


2.6  Preservation


Frank, Charles. The Coin Preservation Handbook. CoinGuard Industries, 1964. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition. 2nd Printing.

Some treatments considered acceptable in the 1960s are now considered unacceptable and several methods discussed are likely beyond the means of most collectors due to cost and complexity of equipment, but this volume provides the reader with a good understanding of the basics of cleaning options upon which future learning can be built.


Welter, Gerhard. Cleaning and Preservation of Coins and Medals. New York: Sanford J. Durst, 1976. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.

Translated from German. This book was written at a time when certain treatment methods were considered acceptable that are viewed as unacceptable today. Still, several insights are to be found regarding conservation of numismatic material.


2.7  Photography


Goodman, Mark. Numismatic Photography. Irvine, California: Zyrus Press, Inc., 2009. Softbound. English. 2nd Edition.


2.8  Research


2.8.1  Method


2.8.2  Literature: Books and Other Works

Brown, W.A. The Money, Weights, and Measures of the Chief Commercial Nations of the World, with the British Equivalents. London: Edward Stanford, 1870. Electronic. Free download. English. One of many works contemporary with events of prior eras that provides insight into perceptions of their time and details that may have been lost in the decades since. A useful research tool under the right circumstances.


Clain-Stefanelli, Elvira Eliza. Italian Coin Engravers Since 1800. Washington, D.C., 1965. Softbound and Electronic. English.


Clare, Israel Smith. Illustrated Universal History: Being a Clear and Concise History of All Nations, From the Earliest Ages down to Modern Times, including the Most Recent Important Events in all Parts of the World. A Full History of the United States. A Table of the Great Events of The World’s History, in Chronological Order. A Table of the Kings and Rulers of the World, with the dates in which they Reigned. and A Pronouncing Dictionary of Historical Proper Names. Philadelphia: J. C. McCurdy & Co., 1881. Electronic. Free download. English. One of many works contemporary with events of prior eras that provides insight into perceptions of their time and details that may have been lost in the decades since. A useful research tool under the right circumstances.


Deisher, Beth, ed. Coin World Almanac. New York: World Almanac, 1987. Softbound. English.


Flaut, Daniel. Introduction to the Auxiliary Sciences of History. Excerpt: Lesson 11, Numismatics. Electronic. English.


Sargent, Thomas J.; Velde, Francois R. “The Evolution of Small Change.”  Working Paper Series, Macroeconomic Issues WP-97-13, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago., 1997. Electronic. Free download. English.


The Coin Book. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co., 1872. Electronic. Free download. English.

A history of coinage, synopsis of mint laws of the United States, Statistics of U.S. coinage from 1792 to 1870, list of current gold and silver coins and their custom house values, dictionary of coins known in ancient and modern times with values, gold and silver product of each state to 1870, list of works on coinage, daily price of gold from 1862 to 1871. One of many works contemporary with events of prior eras that provides insight into perceptions of their time and details that may have been lost in the decades since. A useful research tool under the right circumstances.


U.S. Bureau of the Census. Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1957. Washington, D.C., 1960. Electronic. Free download. English.

Narrative and extensive tabular nformation on agriculture, housing, banking, government, and other industries in the United States of America. Very dry and not worth reading under most circumstances, but a treasure trove if you are a researcher seeking to understand the value of a dollar in the distant past or the nature of imports and exports in colonial times.


2.8.3  Literature: Bibliographies


Clain-Stefanelli, Elvira. Select Numismatic Bibliography. New York: Stack’s, 1965. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


2.8.4  Literature: Periodicals

CoinWeek. Ormond Beach, Florida: CoinWeek LLC, 1995 - present. Electronic. English.


Coins Weekly. Lörrach, Germany: MünzenWoche GmbH. 2016 - present. Electronic English, German.


The Numismatist. Colorado Springs: American Numismatic Association, 1888 - present. Electronic. English.


Numismatic Scrapbook. 1969. Softbound. English.


2.8.5  Literature: Auction Catalogs


Kolbe & Fanning. Sale 144: Important Numismatic Literature - Selections from the Libraries of Tom Cederland, Italo Vecchi and Others. Gahanna, Ohio: Kolbe & Fanning Numismatic Booksellers, 14 January 2017. Softbound. English.


Kolbe & Fanning. Sale 145: Important Numismatic Literature - Selections from the Libraries of Tom Cederland, Italo Vecchi and Others. Gahanna, Ohio: Kolbe & Fanning Numismatic Booksellers, 22 April 2017. Softbound. English.


Kolbe & Fanning. Sale 146: Important Numismatic Literature - Selections from Several Private European Libraries and the Specialized Holdings of an American Collector. Gahanna, Ohio: Kolbe & Fanning Numismatic Booksellers, 15 July 2017. Softbound. English.


Kolbe & Fanning. Sale 147: Important Numismatic Literature - Selections from the Libraries of William A. Burd and Q. David Bowers. Gahanna, Ohio: Kolbe & Fanning Numismatic Booksellers, 7 October 2017. Softbound. English.


Kolbe & Fanning. Sale 148: The 2018 New York Book Auction - Selections from the Library of William A. Burd & Other Properties. Gahanna, Ohio: Kolbe & Fanning Numismatic Booksellers,  January 13, 2018. Softbound. English.


Kolbe & Fanning. Sale 149: Important Numismatic Literature - Selections from the Library of William A. Burd & Other Properties. Gahanna, Ohio: Kolbe & Fanning Numismatic Booksellers, 28 April 2018. Softbound. English.


Kolbe & Fanning. Sale 150: Important Numismatic Literature - Featuring Highlights  from the Library of John W. Adams. Gahanna, Ohio: Kolbe & Fanning Numismatic Booksellers, 14 July 2018. Softbound. English.


2.8.6  Image Sources


Coin images copyright Aurora Rarities LLC. A variety of other sources are used in published books and articles in compliance with license or with written permission from each source.


3.  The Numismatic Community

3.1  History


The Numismatist. Colorado Springs: American Numismatic Association, 1888 - present. Electronic. English.


3.2  The Market & Major Players


3.2.1  News


CoinWeek. Ormond Beach, Florida: CoinWeek LLC, 1995 - present. Electronic. English.


Coins Weekly. Lörrach, Germany: MünzenWoche GmbH. 2016 - present. Electronic English, German.


The Numismatist. Colorado Springs: American Numismatic Association, 1888 - present. Electronic. English.


3.2.2.  Forums


3.2.3  Price Guide / Market Makers


Coin Dealer Newsletter. Torrance, California: CDN Publishing, 1963 - present. Electronic. English.


A Guidebook of United States Coins. Atlanta, Georgia: Whitman Publishing, 1934 - present. Electronic, Hardbound, Softbound. English.


Numismaster. Iola, Wisconsin: Krause Publications (A division of F+W Media), 1952 - present. Electronic and Softbound. English.


3.2.4  Third Party Graders


ANACS

One of the major professional third party grading services.


ICG

One of the major professional third party grading services. Although preferences and other factors do change, collectors of Canadian coins seem to favor ICG holdered coins over other TPGs.


NGC

One of the major professional third party grading services. Although preferences and other factors do change, collectors of world coins and medals tend to favor NGC holdered coins and medals over other TPGs.


PCGS

One of the major professional third party grading services. Although preferences and other factors do change, collectors of USA coins seem to favor PCGS holdered coins over other TPGs.


PCGS Coin Numbering System : US, Canada, Colonials. PCGS, 2000. Softbound. English.


The PCGS Population Report : April 2000. PCGS, 2000. Softbound. English.


The PCGS Population Report : October 2006. PCGS, 2006. Softbound. English.


PCGS Market Report 2000 No 11 Softbound. English.


PCGS Market Report 2000 No 12 Softbound. English.


PCGS Market Report 2000 No 14 Softbound. English.


http://www.sampleslabs.com is a good resource for discerning the various versions of holders from the major third party grading companies. There are a number of people who collect the holders of the many past and present third party grading companies.


3.2.5  Auction Houses


3.2.6  Organizations


The Numismatist. Colorado Springs: American Numismatic Association, 1888 - present. Electronic. English.


3.2.7  Dealers


CDN Numismatic Dealer Directory. Torrance, CA: Coin Dealer Newsletter, 1990. Softbound. English.


CDN Numismatic Dealer Directory. Torrance, CA: Coin Dealer Newsletter, 1991. Softbound. English.


CDN Numismatic Dealer Directory. Torrance, CA: Coin Dealer Newsletter, 1992. Softbound. English.


CDN Numismatic Dealer Directory. Torrance, CA: Coin Dealer Newsletter, 2000. Softbound. English.


CDN Numismatic Dealer Directory. Torrance, CA: Coin Dealer Newsletter, 2001. Softbound. English.


CDN Numismatic Dealer Directory. Torrance, CA: Coin Dealer Newsletter, 2002. Softbound. English.


3.2.8  Mints



3.3  Regulations


Ferguson, Kenneth. Confiscation: Gold as Contraband 1933 - 1975. Austin, Texas: Kenneth Ferguson, 2018.


Industry Council for Tangible Assets (ICTA) Annapolis, Maryland

This organization has led countless efforts to educate and guide U.S.A. federal and state government in forming and modifying numismatic and bullion related laws to benefit collectors and industry alike. They have been instrumental in reducing or removing sales tax for coin and bullion sales in many states. They are currently the front line in fighting modern creation and sale of coin forgeries from China and other sources. An essential organization that serves every member of the numismatic community by protecting the hobby and the industry that makes it possible.


3.4  Industry Realities


Hall, David. A Mercenary’s Guide to the Rare Coin Market. Dallas, Texas: American Bureau of Economic Research, 1987. Softbound. English. 1st Edition.


Markant, Henry H. The Silver Swindle. Margene Associates, 1973. Hardbound. English. 1st Edition.


Travers, Scott A. The Coin Collector’s Survival Manual. New York: House of Collectibles, 2010. Softbound. English. 7th Edition.